The Table – Al Ma’idaApril 20, 2012
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful
[5.1] Believers, fulfill your obligations. It is lawful for you (to eat the flesh of) the beast among cattle other than that which is recited to you, hunting is forbidden while you are on pilgrimage. Allah decrees what He will.
[5.2] Believers, do not violate the rites of Allah, or the sacred month, or the offerings, or (those hung with) necklaces, nor those whose aim is to the Sacred House seeking from their Lord bounty and pleasure. Once your pilgrimage has ended, you are free to hunt. Do not allow your hatred for a nation who would bar you from the Holy Mosque to lead you to transgress. And cooperate in righteousness and warding off (evil), and do not cooperate in sinfulness and transgression. Have fear of Allah, for Allah is Stern in retribution.
[5.3] You are forbidden (to consume) the dead, blood and the flesh of swine; also flesh dedicated to any other than Allah, the flesh of strangled (animals) and of those beaten, that which is killed by falling, gored to death, mangled by beasts of prey, unless you find it (still alive) and slaughter it; also of animals sacrificed on stones (to idols). (You are forbidden) to seek division by the arrows, that is debauchery. Those who disbelieve have this day despaired of your religion. Do not fear them, but fear Me. This day I have perfected your religion for you and completed My favor to you. I have approved Islam to be your religion. (As for) he who does not intend to commit a sin but is constrained by hunger to eat of what is forbidden, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[5.4] They ask you what is lawful to them. Say: ‘The good things are lawful to you, as well as that which you have taught the birds and beasts of prey to catch, teaching them of what Allah has taught you. Eat of what they catch for you, pronouncing upon it the Name of Allah. And fear Allah, Allah is Swift at reckoning.’
[5.5] The good things have this day been made lawful to you. The food of those to whom the Book was given is lawful to you, and your food is lawful to them. Lawful to you (in marriage) are the free believing women and the free women from among those who were given the Book before you, provided that you give them their dowries in marriage, neither committing fornication nor taking them as mistresses. Whosoever denies the belief, his labors will be annulled. In the Everlasting Life he is of the losers.
[5.6] Believers, when you rise to pray wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbow, and wipe your heads and (wash) your feet to the ankle. If you are in a state of impurity, cleanse yourselves. But if you are sick or traveling, or, if when you have just relieved yourselves or had intercourse with women and you cannot find water, touch the clean surface of the earth and rub your hands and faces with it. Allah does not wish to burden you, He seeks only to purify you and to complete His Favor to you in order that you may thank.
[5.7] Remember the favor of Allah upon you, and the covenant with which He bound you when you said: ‘We hear and obey.’ Have fear of Allah. Allah is the Knower of the innermost of the chests.’
[5.8] Believers, be dutiful to Allah and bearers of just witness. Do not allow your hatred for other people to turn you away from justice. Deal justly; it is nearer to piety. Have fear of Allah; Allah is Aware of what you do.
[5.9] Allah has promised those who believe and do good works forgiveness and a great reward.
[5.10] As for those who disbelieve and belie Our verses, they shall become the companions of Hell.
[5.11] Believers, remember the favor which Allah bestowed upon you when certain people were about to stretch their hands towards you, but He restrained them. Have fear of Allah. In Allah let the believers put their trust.
[5.12] Allah made a covenant with the Children of Israel and raised among them twelve chieftains. He said: ‘I shall be with you and if you establish the prayers and pay the obligatory charity; if you believe in My Messengers and assist them and give Allah a generous loan, I shall forgive you your sins and admit you to Gardens underneath which rivers flow. Whosoever amongst you disbelieves after that, he indeed has strayed from the Straight Path.’
[5.13] But because they broke their covenant, We cursed them and hardened their hearts. They changed the Words from their places and have forgotten a portion of what they were reminded. Except for a few, you will always find treachery from them, yet pardon them, and forgive; indeed Allah loves the good-doers.
[5.14] With those who said they were Nazarenes, We made a Covenant, but they have forgotten much of what they were reminded. Therefore, We stirred among them enmity and hatred till the Day of Resurrection when Allah will inform them of all that they have done.
[5.15] People of the Book! Our Messenger (Muhammad) has come to clarify to you much of what you have hidden of the Book, and to forgive you much. A light has come to you from Allah and a Clear Book,
[5.16] with which Allah guides those who seek His pleasure to the Paths of Peace. By His permission He takes them out from darkness to the light, and guides them to a Straight Path.
[5.17] Those who say that Allah is the Messiah, son of Mary are indeed those who disbelieved. Say: ‘Who then could prevent any thing from Allah, if He willed to destroy the Messiah, son of Mary, together with his mother and all the people of the earth? For Allah is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and all that lies between them. He creates what He will and has power over all things.’
[5.18] The Jews and the Nazarenes say: ‘We are the children of Allah and His loved ones.’ Say: ‘Why then does He punish you for your sins? Surely, you are mortals amongst what He created. He forgives whom He will, and punishes whom He will. For Allah is the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. All shall return to Him.’
[5.19] People of the Book! After an interval during which there were no Messengers, Our Messenger (Muhammad) has come to clarify (your religion) to you, lest you should say: ‘No bearer of glad tidings or a warner has come to us.’ Indeed, there has come to you a bearer of glad tidings and a warner. Allah has power over all things.
[5.20] (Remember) when Moses said to his people. ‘Remember, my people, the favors which Allah has bestowed upon you. He has raised up Prophets among you, made you kings, and given you that which He has not given to any one of the worlds.
[5.21] Enter, my people, the Holy Land which Allah has written for you. Do not turn back in your footsteps, lest you shall turn to be losers.’
[5.22] ‘Moses,’ they replied, ‘therein is a nation of giants. We will not enter until they depart from it; if they depart from it only then shall we enter.’
[5.23] Thereupon, two pious men whom Allah had favored said: ‘Go in to them through the gate, and if you enter you shall surely be victorious. In Allah put your trust, if you are believers.’
[5.24] They said: ‘Moses, we will never go in so long as they are in it. Go, you and your Lord, to fight. We will stay here.’
[5.25] He said: ‘Lord, I have none but myself and my brother. Set a barrier between us and the wicked people.’
[5.26] He said: ‘They shall be forbidden this land for forty years, during which time they shall wander (homeless) on the earth. Do not grieve for these wicked people.’
[5.27] Recite to them in all truth the news of Adam’s two sons; how they each made an offering, and how the offering of the one was accepted while that of the other was not. He said: ‘I will surely kill you.’ (The other) said: ‘Allah accepts only from the righteous.
[5.28] If you stretch your hand to kill me, I shall not stretch mine to kill you; for I fear Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
[5.29] I would rather you bear my sin and your sin and become among the inhabitants of Hell. Such is the recompense of the harmdoers.’
[5.30] His soul made it seem fair to him to slay his brother; he killed him and became one of the lost.
[5.31] Then Allah sent down a crow, which dug the earth to show him how to bury the naked corpse of his brother. ‘Alas!’ he said, ‘am I unable to be like this crow and so I bury my brother’s naked corpse.’ And he became among those who regret.
[5.32] That was why We wrote for the Children of Israel that who ever killed a soul, except for a soul slain, or for sedition in the earth, it should be considered as though he had killed all mankind; and that who ever saved it should be regarded as though he had saved all mankind. Our Messengers brought them proofs; then many of them thereafter commit excesses in the earth.
[5.33] The recompense of those who make war against Allah and His Messenger and spread corruption in the land is that they are to be killed or crucified, or have their hand and a foot cut off on opposite sides, or be expelled from the land. For them is shame in this world and a great punishment in the Everlasting Life;
[5.34] except those who repent before you have power over them. For you must know that Allah is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.
[5.35] Believers, have fear of Allah and seek the means by which you come to Him. Struggle in His Way in order that you are prosperous.
[5.36] As for those who disbelieve, if they possessed all that the earth contains and as much besides to ransom themselves from the punishment of the Day of Resurrection, it shall not be accepted from them. Theirs shall be a painful punishment.
[5.37] They will wish to get out of the Fire, but they shall not, theirs shall be a lasting punishment.
[5.38] As for the man or woman who is guilty of theft, recompense them by cutting off their hands for their crimes. That is the punishment from Allah. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[5.39] But whoever repents and mends his ways after committing evil shall be pardoned by Allah. Allah is Forgiving, Most Merciful.
[5.40] Do you not know that to Allah belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth? He punishes whom He will and forgives whom He will. Allah has power over all things.
[5.41] O Messenger, do not grieve for those who race into disbelief; those who say with their mouth: ‘We believe,’
yet their hearts did not believe, and the Jews who listen to lies and listen to other nations who have not come to you. They pervert the words in their places and say: ‘If you are given this, accept it; if not, then beware!’ Whomsoever Allah wishes to try, you will not own anything with Allah concerning him. For those whose hearts Allah does not will to purify shall be disgrace in this world and a grievous punishment in the Everlasting Life.
[5.42] They are listeners to lies and devourers of the unlawful. If they come to you, judge between them or turn away from them. If you avoid them they cannot harm you in anything; but if you judge, judge between them with fairness. Allah loves the just.
[5.43] But how will they come to you for judgment when they already have the Torah in which is the judgement of Allah? Then they turn away after that; those are not believers.
[5.44] We have sent down the Torah in which there is guidance and light by which the submissive prophets judged the Jews, as did the rabbis and those of their Lord, guarding what they were required to of the Book of Allah, and for which they were witness. Do not fear people, but fear Me. And, do not take a small price for My verses. Those who do not judge with what Allah has sent down are the unbelievers.
[5.45] We have written for them a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds equal retaliation, but whosoever forgoes it as a freewill offering, it will be an expiation for him. Whoever does not judge according to what Allah has sent down are the harmdoers.
[5.46] And We sent, following in their footsteps (Prophet) Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which was before him in the Torah, and gave him the Gospel, in which there is guidance and light, confirming that which was before him in the Torah, a guide and an admonition to the cautious.
[5.47] Therefore, let the people of Gospel judge in accordance with that which Allah has sent in it. Those who do not judge according to that which Allah has sent down are the evildoers.
[5.48] And to you We have revealed the Book with the truth confirming the Book that was revealed before it, and a guardian over it. Therefore, give judgment among them in accordance to what Allah has sent down and do not yield to their fancies from the truth that has come to you. We have ordained a law and a Path for each of you. Had Allah willed, He could have made you one nation but that He might try you by that which He has bestowed upon you. Race with one another in good works, to Allah you shall all return and He will declare to you what you were at variance.
[5.49] And judge among them in accordance to that which Allah has sent down and do not be led by their desires. Take heed lest they should turn you away from a part of that which Allah has sent to you. If they reject your judgment, know that Allah wants to scourge them for some of their sins. Many of the people are wrongdoers.
[5.50] Is it pagan laws that they wish to be judged by? Who is a better judge than Allah for a nation whose belief is firm?
[5.51] Believers, take neither Jews nor Nazarenes for your guides. They are guides of one another. Whosoever of you takes them for a guide shall become one of their number. Allah does not guide the wrongdoers.
[5.52] You see those in whose hearts is sickness racing with one another to come to them. They say: ‘We fear lest a change of fortune should befall us.’ May Allah bring victory or make known His ordinance, then, they shall regret what they had hidden in themselves.
[5.53] Then the believers will say: ‘Are those (the ones) who solemnly swore by Allah that they would stand by you?’ Their works will be annulled and they shall be the losers.
[5.54] Believers, whosoever of you turns from his religion, Allah will bring a nation whom He loves and they love Him, humble towards the believers and stern towards the unbelievers, striving for the Path of Allah and fearless of anyone’s blame. Such is the Bounty of Allah; He bestows it on whom He will. He is the Embracer, the Knower.
[5.55] Your guide is only Allah, His Messenger, and the believers; those who establish the prayer, pay their obligatory charity, and bow down (in worship).
[5.56] Whosoever takes Allah for a guide, His Messenger, and the believers – the party of Allah is the victor.
[5.57] Believers, do not take as guides those who were given the Book before you who have made of your religion a jest and a pastime, nor the unbelievers. Have fear of Allah, if you are believers.
[5.58] When you call to prayer, they treat it as a jest and a pastime. That is because they are a people who have no understanding.
[5.59] Say: ‘People of the Book, do you blame us for any reason other than that we believe in Allah and in what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down before us, and that most of you are evildoers?’
[5.60] Say: ‘Shall I tell you who will receive a worse recompense from Allah than that? Those whom Allah has cursed and with whom He is angry, and made some of them apes and swine, and those who worship the devil. The place of these is worse, and they have strayed further from the Right Path.’
[5.61] When they came to you they said: ‘We are believers.’ Indeed, they have entered with disbelief, and so they have departed with it; Allah knows best what they conceal.
[5.62] You see many of them race with one another in sin and transgression and devour the unlawful. Evil is what they do.
[5.63] Do those of the Lord and the rabbis not forbid them to speak sinfully and to devour what is unlawful? Evil indeed is what they were doing.
[5.64] The Jews say: ‘The Hand of Allah is chained.’ Their own hands are chained! And they are cursed for what they said! Rather, His Hands are both outstretched, He spends as He will. That which Allah has sent down to you will surely increase the tyranny and disbelief of many of them. We have stirred among them enmity and hatred up until the Day of Resurrection. Whenever they kindle the fire of war, Allah extinguishes it. They spread corruption in the land, and Allah does not love those who corrupt.
[5.65] If the People of the Book had believed and kept from evil, We would pardon them their sins and admit them to the Gardens of Delight.
[5.66] If they had established the Torah and the Gospel and what was sent down to them from their Lord they would be eating from above them and from beneath their feet. Some of them are a righteous nation; but many of them – evil is what they do.
[5.67] O Messenger, deliver what is sent down to you from your Lord; if you do not, you will not have conveyed His Message. Allah protects you from the people. Allah does not guide the nation, the unbelievers.
[5.68] Say: ‘People of the Book, you are not upon anything until you establish the Torah and the Gospel and that which is sent down to you from your Lord.’ And that which is sent down to you (Prophet Muhammad) from your Lord will surely increase the tyranny and disbelief of many of them. But do not grieve for the unbelieving nation.
[5.69] Those who believe, Jews, Sabaeans, and Nazarenes – whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does good shall neither fear, nor shall they sorrow (as long as they do not reject any of the prophets).
[5.70] We took a covenant with the Children of Israel and sent forth Messengers to them. But whenever a Messenger came to them with that which did not suit their fancies they belied some and killed others.
[5.71] They thought there would be no trial; so they were blind and deaf. Then Allah turned towards them; then again many of them were blind and deaf. And Allah is the Seer of what they do.
[5.72] The unbelievers are those who say: ‘Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary.’ But the Messiah said: ‘Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.’ He who associates anything with Allah, Allah has indeed forbidden Paradise to him, and his abode shall be in the Fire. The harmdoers shall have no helpers.
[5.73] Indeed those who say: ‘Allah is the third of the Trinity’ became unbelievers. There is but One God. If they do not desist in what they say, a painful punishment will afflict those of them that disbelieve.
[5.74] Will they not turn to Allah in repentance and ask His forgiveness? He is Forgiving, Merciful.
[5.75] The Messiah, the son of Mary, was not except a Messenger, other Messengers had gone before him. His mother was in the state of sincerity, they both ate food. See how We make plain to them Our signs. Then, see how perverted they are.
[5.76] Say: ‘Will you worship instead of Allah that which owns neither harm, nor benefit for you? Allah is the Hearer, Knower.’
[5.77] Say: ‘People of the Book! Do not exaggerate your religion, other than the truth, and do not follow the desires of a people who went astray before, and led many astray, and, (once again) have gone astray from the Straight Path.’
[5.78] Those who disbelieved of the Children of Israel were cursed by the tongue of (Prophets) David and Jesus, the son of Mary, because they disobeyed and transgressed.
[5.79] They did not forbid one another from the wrongdoing they were committing. Evil is what they were doing.
[5.80] You see many of them taking the unbelievers as guides. Evil is that to which their souls forwarded them, that Allah is angered against them, and in the punishment they shall live for ever.
[5.81] Had they believed in Allah and the Prophet (Muhammad) and that which is sent down to him, they would not have taken them as guides. But many of them are evildoers.
[5.82] You will find that the most people in enmity to the believers are the Jews and idolaters, and that the nearest in affection to the believers are those who say: ‘We are Nazarenes.’ That is because amongst them there are priests and monks; and because they are not proud.
[5.83] When they listen to that which was sent down to the Messenger, you will see their eyes fill with tears as they recognize its truth. They say: ‘Lord, we believe. Write us among the witnesses.
[5.84] Why should we not believe in Allah and in the truth that has come down to us? Why should we not hope for admission among the righteous?’
[5.85] For their words Allah has rewarded them with Gardens underneath which rivers flow, where they shall live for ever. Such is the recompense of the righteous.
[5.86] But those who disbelieve and belie Our verses shall be the companions of Hell.
[5.87] Believers, do not forbid the good things that Allah has made lawful to you. Do not transgress; Allah does not love the transgressors.
[5.88] Eat of the lawful and good things with which Allah has provided you. Have fear of Allah in whom you believe.
[5.89] Allah will not take you to account for a slip in your oaths. But He will take you to account for the oaths which you solemnly swear. Its expiation is the feeding of ten needy (people) with such food as you normally offer to your own people; or the clothing of them; or the freeing of a slave. He who does not have must fast three days. That is the expiation of your oaths when you have sworn; but keep your oaths. Allah makes plain to you His verses, in order that you are thankful.
[5.90] Believers, wine and gambling, idols and divining arrows are abominations from the work of satan. Avoid them, in order that you prosper.
[5.91] satan seeks to stir up enmity and hatred among you by means of wine and gambling, and to bar you from the remembrance of Allah and from praying. Will you not abstain from them?
[5.92] Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger. Beware; if you give no heed, know that Our Messenger’s duty is only to give the clear delivery.
[5.93] No blame shall be attached to those who believe and did good works in regard to any food they have eaten, so long as they ward off (the forbidden) and believe, and do good deeds, then they fear and believe, and again, so long as they fear and do fine deeds. Allah loves the generous.
[5.94] Believers, Allah will test you by means of some hunting which you can catch with your hands and with your spears, in order that Allah knows those who fear Him in private. For he who transgresses thereafter shall be a painful punishment.
[5.95] O believers, do not kill the hunted while you are in pilgrim sanctity. Whosoever of you kills it willfully there shall be a recompense, the like of what he has slain from cattle as shall be judged by two just men among you, an offering to reach the Ka’bah; or expiation – food for needy persons or the equivalent of that in fasting, so that he may taste the weight of the recompense of his action. Allah has pardoned what is past; but whoever offends again, Allah will take vengeance on him. Allah is the Almighty, Owner of Vengeance.
[5.96] Made lawful to you is the fished of the sea and its food, an enjoyment for you and for travelers. But you are forbidden the hunted of the land whilst you are on pilgrimage. Have fear of Allah, before whom you shall all be assembled.
[5.97] Allah has made the Ka’bah the Sacred House, as an establishment for people; and the Sacred Month, and the offering, and the necklaces, in order that you know that Allah has knowledge of all that is in the heavens and the earth; and that Allah has knowledge of all things.
[5.98] Know that Allah is Stern in retribution, and that Allah is the Forgiver and the Most Merciful.
[5.99] The duty of the Messenger is only the delivery (of the Message). Allah knows what you reveal and what you hide.
[5.100] Say: ‘The evil and the good are not alike, even if the abundance of evil pleases you. Have fear of Allah, you who are possessed of minds, in order that you prosper.’
[5.101] Believers, do not ask about things that if they appeared to you, would only upset you; but if you ask about them when the Koran is being sent down, they shall be made plain to you. Allah will pardon it; Allah is Forgiving, Clement.
[5.102] A nation asked about them before you, and with it they became unbelievers.
[5.103] Allah has not made cattle, a slit eared she-camel, nor a freely grazing she-camel, nor a she-camel that bore twins, nor an uncastrated camel (dedicated to idols), but those who disbelieve invent lies against Allah. Most of them do not understand.
[5.104] When it is said to them: ‘Come to that which Allah
has sent down, and to the Messenger,’ they reply: ‘Sufficient for us is what we have found our fathers upon,’ even though their fathers knew nothing and were not guided.
[5.105] Believers, look after your own souls, he who goes astray cannot harm you if you are guided. You shall all return to Allah, and He will inform you of what you have done.
[5.106] Believers, if you are traveling in the land and the affliction of death befalls you, at the bequeathing testimony shall be two just men from among you, or two others from other than you. You shall detain both after the prayer, and they shall swear by Allah if you are doubtful: ‘We will not sell it for a price, even though it were a near kinsmen, nor will we hide the testimony of Allah, because then we would surely be among the sinful.’
[5.107] But if it is discovered that both of them have been subject to sinning, then two others shall stand in their place, these being the nearest of those most concerned, and they shall swear by Allah: ‘Our testimony is truer than their testimony, and we have not transgressed, because then we would surely be among the harmdoers.’
[5.108] So it is likelier that they will bear testimony in proper form, or else they will be afraid that oaths may be rejected after their oaths. Fear Allah, and listen; Allah does not guide the people of the evildoers.
[5.109] On a Day, Allah will gather all the Messengers and ask them: ‘How were you answered?’ They will reply: ‘We have no knowledge, You are the Knower of the unseen.’
[5.110] When Allah said: ‘(Prophet) Jesus, son of Mary, remember the favor upon you and on your mother; how I strengthened you with the Holy Spirit (Gabriel), to speak to people in your cradle and of age (when he descends and dies); how I taught you the Book and Wisdom, the Torah and the Gospel; and how, by My permission, you fashioned from clay the likeness of a bird, and breathed into it so that, by My permission, it became a living bird. How, by My permission, you healed the blind man and the leper, and by My permission you brought the dead forth; and how I protected you from the Children of Israel when you brought them clear signs; whereupon the unbelievers among them said: “This is nothing but plain magic”.
[5.111] When I revealed to the disciples to believe in Me and in My Messenger they replied: “We believe, bear witness that we submit.”
[5.112] When the disciples said: ‘O (Prophet) Jesus, son of Mary, can your Lord send down to us a table from heaven?’ He replied: ‘Have fear of Allah, if you are believers.’
[5.113] ‘We wish to eat of it,’ they said, ‘so that we can satisfy our hearts and know that what you said to us is true, and that we become witnesses to it.’
[5.114] ‘Allah, our Lord,’ said (Prophet) Jesus, the son of Mary, ‘send down upon us a table out of heaven, that shall be a festival for us – the first and the last of us – and a sign from You. And provide for us; You are the Best of providers.’
[5.115] Allah replied: ‘I am sending it to you. But whoever of you disbelieves thereafter I shall punish him with a punishment that I do not punish anyone from the worlds.’
[5.116] And when Allah said: ‘(Prophet) Jesus, son of Mary, did you ever say to the people: “Take me and my mother for two gods, other than Allah?” ‘Exaltations to You,’ he said, ‘how could I say that to which I have no right? If I had said that, You would have surely known. You know what is in my self, but I do not know what is in Yours. Indeed, You are the Knowledgeable of the unseen.
[5.117] I spoke to them of nothing except that which You ordered me, that you worship Allah, my Lord and our Lord. I witnessed them whilst living in their midst and ever since You took me to You, You have been the Watcher over them. You are the Witness of everything.
[5.118] If You punish them (for their disbelief), they surely are Your subjects; and if You forgive them, surely You are the Almighty, the Wise.’
[5.119] Allah will say: ‘This is the Day the truthful shall benefit by their truthfulness. They shall live for ever in Gardens underneath which rivers flow. Allah is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him. That is the great winning.’
[5.120] To Allah belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth and what is in them. He has power over all things.