The Prophet Jonah – Yunus – The Prophet Hood – Hood – The Prophet Joseph – YusufApril 20, 2012
The Prophet Jonah – Yunus
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful
[10.1] AlifLaamRa. Those are the verses of the Wise Book.
[10.2] Is it a wonder to the people that We revealed to a man from among themselves: ‘Warn mankind, and bear the glad tidings to those who believe that they stand firm with their Lord?’ (Yet) the unbelievers say: ‘This is a clear sorcerer.’
[10.3] Indeed, your Lord is Allah, who, in six days created the heavens and the earth and then willed to the Throne, directing affairs. There is no intercessor except by His permission. Such is Allah your Lord, therefore worship Him. Will you not remember?
[10.4] To Him all of you will return together. This is, in truth, the promise of Allah. He originates creation, then He revives it so that He may recompense those who believe and do righteous deeds. As for the unbelievers, theirs is a drink of boiling water and a painful punishment for their disbelief.
[10.5] It was He that made the sun a brightness and the moon a light, and determined it in phases so that you might know the number of years and the reckoning. Allah did not create them except in truth, and distinguishes the verses to a nation who know.
[10.6] In the alternation of the night and day, and in all that Allah has created in the heavens and the earth, surely there are signs for people who are cautious.
[10.7] Those who do not expect to meet Us, and are well-pleased with this life and are satisfied with it, and those who are inattentive to Our signs,
[10.8] for them, their refuge is the Fire for what they have been earning.
[10.9] Indeed, those who believe and do righteous works, their Lord will guide them for their belief, beneath them rivers will flow in gardens of bliss.
[10.10] (In it) their supplication will be: ‘Exaltations to You, Allah!’ And their greeting will be: ‘Peace!’ They will end their supplication with ‘Praise be to Allah, Lord of the all the Worlds!’
[10.11] If Allah should hasten evil to people as they would hasten good, their term would already have been decided. But We leave those who do not expect to meet Us to wander blindly in their insolence.
[10.12] When affliction befalls a man, he supplicates to Us (lying) on his side, sitting or standing. But as soon as We relieve him from his affliction, he continues (in the same way), as though he never supplicated to Us when harm touched him. So it is, that which the sinners were doing seem fairly decorated to them.
[10.13] We destroyed generations before you when they did evil. (When) their Messengers came to them with clear verses they would not believe; so We recompense the sinning nation.
[10.14] After them We made you their successors in the earth, so that We might see how you would do.
[10.15] When Our verses, clear verses, are recited to them, those who do not reckon to meet Us say: ‘Bring a Koran other than this, or make changes in it.’ Say: ‘It is not for me to change it by myself. I follow nothing, except what is sent down to me. Indeed, if I should rebel against my Lord I fear the punishment of a Great Day.’
[10.16] Say (Prophet Muhammad): ‘Had Allah willed, I would not have recited it to you, nor would He have made it known to you. I lived among you all my life before it (was sent down). Will you not understand?
[10.17] Who does greater evil than he who forges a lie about Allah or belies His verses? Indeed, the evildoers do not prosper.
[10.18] They worship, other than Allah, that which can neither harm nor benefit them, and say: ‘These are our intercessors with Allah.’ Say: ‘Will you tell Allah of something He does not know about either in the heavens or earth? Exaltations to Him! Exalted be He above what they associate!’
[10.19] (Before) mankind were but one nation, then they differed with one another. But for a Word that preceded from your Lord, it (the matters) over which they differed had already been decided.
[10.20] They say: ‘Why has no sign been sent down to him from his Lord.’ Say: ‘The Unseen belongs to Allah alone. Wait if you will – I am one of those who wait.’
[10.21] When We let people taste (Our) mercy after they had been afflicted by hardship, they devise against Our verses. Say: ‘Allah is more swift in devising.’ Indeed, Our Messengers (the angels) are writing down whatever you devise.
[10.22] It is He who conveys you by land and sea. When you are on board the ship and the ships run with them upon a fair breeze they are joyful. (But when) a strong wind and waves come upon them from every side, and they think they are encompassed, they supplicate to Allah, making their religion His sincerely, (saying): ‘If You save us from this, we will indeed be among the thankful.’
[10.23] But when He has saved them, see how they become wrongfully insolent in the land. People, your insolence is only against yourselves; the enjoyment of this present life, then to Us you shall return and We shall tell you what you did.
[10.24] This present life is like the water We send down from the sky. The plants of the earth mix with it and from it mankind and cattle eat; then when the earth has become lush and adorned, its inhabitants think they have power over it, Our command comes upon it by night or day, and We cause it to be stubble, just as though it had not flourished the day before. In this way We distinguish Our verses for those who reflect.
[10.25] Allah invites you to the House of Peace. He guides whom He will to a Straight Path
[10.26] for those who do good is a fine reward and a surplus. Neither dust nor shame shall cover their faces. Those are the companions of Paradise in it they shall live for ever.
[10.27] As for those who have earned evil deeds, evil shall be recompensed with its like. Abasement will cover them, they shall have none to defend them from Allah – as though their faces were covered with parts of the blackness of night. Those, they are the companions of the Fire, in it they shall live for ever.
[10.28] And on the Day when We assemble them all together, We shall say to those who associated (other gods with Allah): ‘Go to your place, you and your associates!’ Then, We will separate them, and their associates will say (to them): ‘It was not us that you worshipped.’
[10.29] Allah is a Sufficient witness between us and you, surely, we were heedless of your worship.
[10.30] There, each soul shall prove its past deeds. They shall be restored to Allah, their Guardian, the True, and that which they forged will escape from them.
[10.31] Say: ‘Who provides for you from heaven and earth, or who owns the hearing and the sight? Who brings forth the living from the dead, and the dead from the living?’ Who directs the affair? Surely, they will say: ‘Allah.’ Then say: ‘Then, will you not be fearful?’
[10.32] Such is Allah, your Lord, the True. What, is there after truth, anything except error. Then how are you turned around (from faith)?’
[10.33] So the Word of your Lord is realized against the evildoers that they do not believe.
[10.34] Say: ‘Is there any (among) your associates who originates creation, then cause it to be revived yet again?’ Say: ‘Allah, He originates creation, then revives it yet again. How is it that you are so perverted?’
[10.35] Say: ‘Do any of your partners guide you to the truth?’ Say: ‘Allah, He guides to the truth. Who then is worthier to be followed He who guides to the truth or he who cannot guide unless he (himself) is guided? What is the matter with you, how then can you judge?’
[10.36] Most of them follow nothing except conjecture. But conjecture does not help against the truth. Allah knows the things they do.
[10.37] This Koran could not have been forged by other than Allah. It confirms what was before it; a distinguishing Book, in which there is no doubt, from the Lord of all the worlds.
[10.38] Do they say: ‘He has forged it’. Say: ‘Compose one chapter like it, and call upon whom you will, other than Allah (to help you), if what you say is true!’
[10.39] They have belied that which they did not understand of its knowledge, nor has its interpretation reached them. Those who were before also belied. But see how was the end of the harmdoers.
[10.40] Some believe in it, while others do not believe it. Your Lord knows well the corrupters.
[10.41] If they belie you, say: ‘I have my work, you have your work. You are quit of what I do, and I am quit of what you do.’
[10.42] Some of them listen to you. But can you make the deaf hear you, even though they cannot understand?
[10.43] Some of them look to you. But can you guide the blind, even though they do not see?
[10.44] Indeed, Allah does not wrong mankind a thing, but they wrong themselves.
[10.45] The Day when He will gather them, (it will be) as though they had lingered but an hour of the Day and they will recognize one another. Lost are those who belied the meeting with their Lord and were not guided.
[10.46] Whether We let you see some of that with which We promised them, or We call you to Us, to Us they shall return. Allah is witness of the things they do.
[10.47] Every nation has its Messenger. Then, when their Messenger comes the matter is justly decided between them; they are not wronged.
[10.48] They ask: ‘If what you say is true, when will this promise come?’
[10.49] Say: ‘I have no power to benefit or harm myself except as Allah wills. To every nation is a fixed term and when their term comes they cannot delay it for an hour, nor can they bring it forward.
[10.50] Say: ‘Have you considered? Should His punishment come upon you by night or by day, what (part) of it would the sinners try to hasten?’
[10.51] And when it overtakes you, is it then that you will believe in it, now, when you already try to hasten it!
[10.52] Then it shall be said to the evildoers: ‘Taste the punishment of eternity! Shall you be recompensed except according to what you earned?’
[10.53] They ask you to tell them if it is true. Say: ‘Yes, by my Lord! It is true, and you cannot frustrate it!’
[10.54] If each soul that has done evil had all that is in the earth, it would offer it for its ransom. And secretly they will feel regret when they see the punishment, and the matter is justly decided between them, and they are not wronged.
[10.55] Indeed, to Allah belongs everything in the heavens and the earth. Indeed, the promise of Allah is true though most of them do not have knowledge.
[10.56] It is He who gives life and causes death, and to Him you shall be returned.
[10.57] People, an admonition has now come to you from your Lord, and a healing for what is in the chests, a guide and a mercy to believers.
[10.58] Say: ‘In the Bounty of Allah and His Mercy let them rejoice, it (the Koran) is better than that which they hoard.’
[10.59] Say: ‘Have you considered the provision that Allah has sent down for you, and some you have made unlawful and some lawful?’ Say: ‘Has Allah given you His permission, or do you forge (falsehood) against Allah?’
[10.60] What will those who forged falsehood about Allah think on the Day of Resurrection? Allah is Bountiful to mankind; yet most of them do not give thanks.
[10.61] You are not engaged in any matter, neither do you recite any portion of the Koran, nor do you do any work, except that We are witnesses over you when you press upon it? Not even as much as the weight of an ant in earth or heaven escapes your Lord, nor is there anything smaller or greater, but it is (recorded) in a Clear Book.
[10.62] Indeed, there shall be neither fear nor sorrow upon the guided by Allah.
[10.63] Those who believe and are cautious
[10.64] there is for them glad tidings in this present life and in the Everlasting Life. The Word of Allah is unchanging, that is the mighty triumph.
[10.65] Do not let their speech grieve you. All might belongs to Allah. He is the Hearing, the Knowing.
[10.66] Attention: Indeed to Allah belongs everyone that is in the heavens and in the earth. Those who call upon associates, other than Allah, follow nothing but assumptions, (they are) only lying.
[10.67] He it is who has made the night for your rest and the day to see. Surely, in this there are signs for people who listen.
[10.68] They say: ‘Allah has taken a son.’ Exaltations be to Him (Allah)! Rich is He. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth – you have no authority for this! What, do you say of Allah what you do not know?
[10.69] Say: ‘Those who forge falsehoods against Allah shall not prosper.’
[10.70] (They take their) enjoyment in this world, but to Us they shall return, then, We shall let them taste the terrible punishment because they were unbelievers.’
[10.71] And recite to them the story of Noah. He said to his nation: ‘O my nation, if my standing here, reminding you of the verses of Allah grieves you, and in Allah I have put my trust; decide upon your affair with your associates, then do not let your affair worry you. Come to a decision about me, and give me no respite.
[10.72] Then, if you turn your backs, I have not asked of you a wage. My wage falls only on Allah. I am commanded to be from those who surrender (Muslims).’
[10.73] But they belied him. Therefore We saved him and those who were with him in the Ark, and We made them caliphs, and We drowned those who belied Our verses. See what was the end of those who were warned!
[10.74] After him We sent Messengers to their nation. They brought them clear signs, but they were not of those to believe because they had belied it previously. So We seal the hearts of the evildoers.
[10.75] Then, after them We sent Moses and Aaron with Our signs to Pharaoh and his Council. But they were arrogant, for they were a sinful nation.
[10.76] When the truth came to them from Us they said: ‘This is indeed clear magic.’
[10.77] Moses said: ‘Is this what you say of the truth when it has come to you? Is this sorcery? Sorcerers do not prosper!’
[10.78] They said: ‘Have you come to turn us away from that which we found our fathers practicing (in order that) the domination of the land might belong to you two? We do not believe you!’
[10.79] (Then) Pharaoh said: ‘Bring every skilled sorcerer.’
[10.80] When the sorcerers came, Moses said to them: ‘Cast down what you will cast.’
[10.81] And when they had cast, Moses said: ‘What you have brought is sorcery. Surely, Allah will render it as nothing. Allah does not put right the work of the corrupt.’
[10.82] Allah verifies the truth by His Words, even though the sinners hate it.
[10.83] So none believed Moses except a few of his nation because they feared that Pharaoh and their Council would persecute them. Pharaoh was mighty in the land, and one of the evildoers.
[10.84] Moses said: ‘O my nation, if you believe in Allah, put your trust in Him, if you have surrendered (Muslims).’
[10.85] They said: ‘We have put our trust in Allah. Our Lord, do not let us be a temptation to the harm-doing nation.
[10.86] Save us, through Your Mercy, from the unbelieving nation.’
[10.87] We revealed to Moses and his brother: ‘Take certain houses for your people in Egypt. Make your houses a direction (for pray); establish the prayer; and give glad tidings to the believers.’
[10.88] ‘Our Lord,’ supplicated Moses. ‘You have given Pharaoh and his Council adornments and possessions in this life. Our Lord, let them go astray from Your Path. Our Lord, destroy their possessions and harden their hearts so that they shall not believe until they see the painful punishment.
[10.89] He (Allah) said: ‘Your supplication is answered; so go straight and do not follow the way of those who do not know.’
[10.90] We brought the Children of Israel through the sea, and Pharaoh and his legions pursued them arrogantly and frantically. But as he was drowning he cried out: ‘(Now) I believe that there is no god except He in whom the Children of Israel believe. I am of those that surrender (Muslims).’
[10.91] (Allah said): ‘Now (you believe)! But before this you rebelled and were of the corrupt.
[10.92] We shall deliver you (Ramsis II) with your body this day, so that you may be a sign to those after you. Indeed many people pay no heed to Our signs!
[10.93] (Thereafter) We settled the Children of Israel in a blessed land and provided them with good things. They did not differ until knowledge was given them. Indeed, your Lord will decide between them on the Day of Resurrection.
[10.94] If you are in doubt of what We have sent down to you, ask those who recite the Book before you. The truth has come to you from your Lord, therefore do not be of the doubters.
[10.95] Do not be among those who belie the verses of Allah, for then you would be among the losers.
[10.96] Those against whom the Word of your Lord will be realized will not believe,
[10.97] even though every sign comes to them, until they see the painful punishment.
[10.98] Why, was there never a village that believed and its belief benefited them? Except Jonah’s nation, when they believed, We spared them from a degrading punishment in this life and We gave them enjoyment for awhile.
[10.99] Had your Lord willed, whosoever is in the earth, all would have believed. Would you then constrain people until they believe?
[10.100] No soul can believe except by the permission of Allah. Upon those who do not understand lays His punishment.
[10.101] Say: ‘See what is in the heavens and the earth!’ But neither signs nor warnings help the unbelievers.
[10.102] Do they watch and wait for anything except for days similar to those who passed away before them? Say: ‘Wait; I shall be with you among those who are waiting.’
[10.103] Then we shall save Our Messengers and the believers. It is Our obligated duty, We shall save those who believe.
[10.104] Say: ‘O people! If you are in doubt concerning my religion, I worship none of those you worship, other than Allah but I worship Allah, who will cause you to die, for I am commanded to be among the believers,
[10.105] and, set your face towards the religion, being of pure faith, and do not be among the idolaters.
[10.106] Do not pray to, other than Allah, to anything that can neither help nor harm you, for if you do, you will become a harmdoer.
[10.107] If Allah touches you an affliction none can remove it except He; and if He wills any good for you, none can repel His Bounty. He causes it to fall upon whosoever of His worshippers that He will. He is the Forgiving, the Most Merciful.’
[10.108] Say: ‘O people! The truth has come to you from your Lord. Whosoever is guided is guided only for himself, and whosoever goes astray, he is astray for himself. I am not a guardian over you.’
[10.109] Follow what is revealed to you, and be patient till Allah shall judge, and He is the Best of judges.
The Prophet Hood – Hood
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful
[11.1] AlifLaamRa. (This is) a Book whose verses are clear, and then distinguished from Him, the Wise, the Aware.
[11.2] Worship none except Allah. I am for you, a warner sent from Him and a bearer of glad tidings.
[11.3] And ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him. He will give you enjoyment till a stated term and will give of His Bounty to those of grace. But if you turn away, I fear for you the punishment of a Mighty Day.
[11.4] To Allah you shall all return. He has power over all things.
[11.5] See, they cover their chests to conceal from Him. But when they wrap themselves in their clothes He knows what they hide and what they reveal. Indeed, He knows every thought within the chest.
[11.6] There is not a crawling (creature) on the earth whose provision is not by Allah. He knows its resting-place and its repository. All is in a Clear Book.
[11.7] It is He who created the heavens and the earth in six days – and His Throne was upon the waters – that He might try you, (and see) which of you excel in works. If you say: ‘After death you shall be raised up,’ the unbelievers will say: ‘This is nothing but clear sorcery.’
[11.8] And if We delay the punishment till an appointed time, they will ask: ‘What has detained it?’ Indeed, the Day will come to them, it will not be turned away from them, and that they mocked at will encompass them.
[11.9] If We let a human taste Our Mercy and then withhold it from him, he becomes desperate and ungrateful.
[11.10] And if after adversity had come upon him, We let him taste prosperity, he says: ‘Evil has left me!’ see, he is jubilant and boastful,
[11.11] except those who are patient and do good deeds, for them awaits forgiveness and a mighty wage.
[11.12] Perhaps you are leaving part of what has been sent down to you, and your chest is straitened by it, because they say: ‘Why has no treasure been sent down to him, or an angel come with him?’ You are only a warner, and Allah is a Guardian over everything.
[11.13] Or do they say: ‘He has forged it?’ Say (to them): ‘Then produce ten forged chapters like it. Call, if you are able, upon other than Allah, if what you say is true.’
[11.14] But if they do not answer you, know that it has been sent down with the knowledge of Allah, and that there is no god except He. So, have you surrendered (become Muslims)?
[11.15] We shall pay those who desire the present life and its adornments in full for the work they have done therein, they shall not be defrauded;
[11.16] those are they who in the Everlasting Life will have only the Fire. There, their deeds will have failed and their works will be void.
[11.17] Then what of he who stands upon a clear proof from his Lord, recited by a witness from Him and before him is the Book of Moses for a guide and a mercy? Those believe in it. But as for those partisans who disbelieve in it, their promised land shall be the Fire. Therefore do not doubt it. It is the truth from your Lord, yet most people do not believe.
[11.18] And who is greater in evil than he who forges a lie against Allah? Those, they shall be brought before their Lord, and witnesses will say: ‘Those are they who lied against their Lord.’ Indeed, the curse of Allah shall fall upon the evildoers,
[11.19] who bar others from the Path of Allah and seek to make it crooked, they disbelieve in the Everlasting Life.
[11.20] They are unable to frustrate Him on the earth; there is none to protect them, except Allah. Those, their punishment shall be doubled; they could neither hear nor see.
[11.21] Those are they that have lost their souls, and that which they forged has left them;
[11.22] without doubt they will be the greatest losers in the Everlasting Life.
[11.23] Whereas those who believe and do good deeds and humble themselves before their Lord, they are the companions of Paradise, and there they shall live for ever.
[11.24] The likeness of the two parties is as one who is blind and deaf, and one that sees and hears, are they equally alike, will you not remember?
[11.25] We sent Noah to his nation. (He said:) ‘I am a warner for you, and a bearer of glad tidings.
[11.26] Worship none except Allah. I fear for you the punishment of a painful Day.’
[11.27] The unbelieving Council of his nation said: ‘We do not see you other than a human like ourselves. We see your followers are none but the lowliest amongst us, and their opinion is not to be considered. We do not see you superior to us, rather, we consider you liars.’
[11.28] He said: ‘What do you think my nation! If I have a clear proof from my Lord and He has given me mercy from Him, though it is hidden from you, can we compel you to accept it when you hate it?
[11.29] My nation, for this I do not ask you for your wealth for my wage is only with Allah. Nor will I drive away the believers, for they will surely meet their Lord. But, I can see that you are ignorant.
[11.30] Were I to drive you away my nation, who would help me from Allah? Will you not remember?
[11.31] I do not say to you that I possess the treasuries of Allah, and I do not know the unseen. I do not say I am an angel, nor do I say to those whom you despise, Allah will not give them any good. Allah knows best what is in their hearts. Indeed, if this were so then I would be amongst the harmdoers.’
[11.32] They said: ‘O Noah, you have disputed, and disputed too much, with us. Bring (down) upon us that which you promised us, if what you say is true!’
[11.33] He replied: ‘Allah will bring it (down) upon you if He will; you will never frustrate Him.
[11.34] Nor will my sincere counsel benefit you if I sincerely desire to counsel you if Allah desires to lead you astray. He is your Lord, and to Him you shall return.’
[11.35] Or do they say: ‘He has fabricated it (himself)?’ Say: ‘If I had fabricated it, then the sin rests upon me. I reject the sins you do.’
[11.36] And it was revealed to Noah: ‘None of your nation will believe except whosoever has already believed. Do not distress yourself with what they may do.
[11.37] Build the Ark with Our seeing (and protection), and as We reveal. Do not speak to Me concerning the evildoers; they shall be drowned.’
[11.38] Whenever an assembly of his nation passed by him as he was building the Ark, they mocked him. Whereupon he said: ‘If you mock us, we shall indeed mock you, just as you mock.
[11.39] You shall know to whom a degrading punishment will come, and upon whom an everlasting punishment will fall.’
[11.40] And when Our command came and the oven gushed (forth with water), We said (to Noah): ‘Take on board (the Ark) a pair from every species and your family, except he of whom the word has already been spoken, and those who believe. And none except a few believed with him.
[11.41] He (Noah) said: ‘Embark. In the Name of Allah will be its course and berthing. Indeed, my Lord is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.’
[11.42] And so it (the Ark) ran with them amidst the mountainous waves, and Noah cried out to his son, who was standing apart, ‘Embark with us, my son, do not be with the unbelievers!’
[11.43] But he replied: ‘I shall seek refuge on a mountain, which will protect me from the water.’ He (Noah) said: ‘Today, there is no defender from the command of Allah, except those to whom He has mercy.’ And the waves came between them, and he was drowned.
[11.44] And it was said: ‘Earth, swallow up your waters. Heaven, cease!’ The water subsided and the matter was accomplished. And the Ark came to rest upon (the mountain of) Al-Judi, and it was said: ‘Be gone, evildoing nation!’
[11.45] Noah called out to his Lord, saying: ‘O Lord, my son was of my family, and Your promise is surely the truth. You are the most Just of judges.’
[11.46] He said: ‘Noah, he is not of your family. It is not a good deed. Do not ask Me about things of which you have no knowledge. I reproach you lest you become among the ignorant.’
[11.47] He said: ‘My Lord, I seek refuge with You from asking You of that which I have no knowledge. If You do not forgive me and have mercy on me, I shall be among the losers.’
[11.48] It was said: ‘O Noah, descend with peace from Us and blessings on you and on the nations of those with you; and nations – We shall give them enjoyment, and then from Us they shall be visited with a painful punishment.’
[11.49] That is from the news of the unseen which We reveal to you; neither you nor your nation knew this before now. Have patience; the outcome is for the cautious.
[11.50] To Aad (We sent) their brother Hood. He said: ‘My nation, worship Allah; you have no god except He. You are only forgers.
[11.51] My nation, for this I ask of you no wage. My wage is only with He who created me. Will you not understand?
[11.52] My nation, ask your Lord to forgive you and turn to Him in repentance. From the sky He will loose an abundance (of rain) upon you; He will add strength to your strength. Do not turn away as sinners.’
[11.53] They replied: ‘Hood, you have not brought us a clear sign. We will not forsake our gods because of what you say. We do not believe you.
[11.54] We say nothing except our gods have afflicted you with some kind of evil.’ He said: ‘I call Allah to witness, and you to bear witness, that I reject what you associate,
[11.55] other than Him, so all of you, scheme against me, then you shall give me no respite.
[11.56] In truth, I have put my trust in Allah, (who is) my Lord and your Lord. There is no crawling creature that He does not take by the forelock. Indeed, my Lord is on a Straight Path.
[11.57] If you turn away, I have delivered to you that with which I was sent, and my Lord will cause people other than you to be your successors. You cannot harm Him a thing. My Lord is the Guardian over every thing.’
[11.58] And when Our command came, We saved Hood, together with those who believed with him through Our Mercy, and saved them from a harsh punishment.
[11.59] Such was Aad. They disbelieved the verses of their Lord, rebelled against His Messengers, and did the bidding of every rebellious tyrant .
[11.60] They were overtaken by a curse in this world, and (they shall be cursed) on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed, Aad disbelieved in their Lord. Gone are Aad, the nation of Hood.
[11.61] And to Thamood, (We sent) their brother Salih. He said: ‘My nation, worship Allah; you have no god except He. It is He who made you from the earth and let you live upon it. Ask His forgiveness then repent to Him. Indeed, my Lord is near and answers (prayers).’
[11.62] They said: ‘Salih, before this you were a source of hope to us. What, would you now forbid us to worship what our fathers worshipped? Indeed, we are disquieted, and doubt that to which you invite.’
[11.63] He said: ‘My nation, think! If I have a clear proof from my Lord and He has given me His Mercy, who would help me against Allah if I rebel against Him? Indeed, you would do nothing for me except increase my loss.’
[11.64] ‘My nation, this is the she-camel of Allah, a sign for you. Leave her to graze upon the earth of Allah and do not touch her with evil lest you be seized by a punishment that is near.’
[11.65] Yet they hamstrung her. He (Salih) said: ‘Take your enjoyment in your homes for three days! This is a promise that cannot be belied!’
[11.66] And when Our command came, We saved Salih together with those who believed with him through Our Mercy, and from the ignominy of that day. Your Lord is Strong and Mighty.
[11.67] And the harmdoers were seized by the Shout (of the angel), and in the morning, they were found crouched in their dwellings, dead,
[11.68] as though they had never lived there. Indeed, Thamood disbelieved in their Lord. So, begone Thamood.
[11.69] Our Messengers came to Abraham with glad tidings. They said: ‘Peace!’ He replied ‘Peace!’ and in a while brought them a roasted calf.
[11.70] But when he saw that their hands did not reach towards it, he was wary and became fearful of them, but they said: ‘Do not be afraid. We are sent to the nation of Lot.’
[11.71] His wife (Sarah), who was standing nearby, laughed. Thereupon, We gave her the good news of Isaac, and after Isaac of Jacob.
[11.72] She replied: ‘Alas for me! Shall I bear (a child) when I am old woman and my husband is advanced in years? This is indeed a strange thing.’
[11.73] They said: ‘What, do you marvel at the command of Allah? The Mercy of Allah and His Blessings be upon you, O people of the House. Indeed, He is Praised, Exalted.’
[11.74] And when the wonderment departed from Abraham and the glad tidings reached him, he pleaded with Us for the nation of Lot;
[11.75] indeed, Abraham was forbearing, tender-hearted and penitent.
[11.76] (It was said:) ‘Abraham, turn away from this; your Lord’s command has indeed come, and there is coming upon them a punishment that will not be turned back.’
[11.77] And when Our messengers came to Lot, he was troubled and distressed for them, and said: ‘This is a harsh day.’
[11.78] His nation came running towards him; whilst they were doing evil deeds. ‘My nation,’ he said: ‘here are my daughters (take them in marriage), they are cleaner for you. Fear Allah and do not humiliate me by my guests. Is there not one man amongst you of right mind?’
[11.79] They replied: ‘You know we have no right for your daughters. You know very well what we desire.’
[11.80] He said: ‘Would that I were powerful over you, or might take refuge in a strong pillar!’
[11.81] They (the angels) said: ‘Lot, we are the Messengers of your Lord, they shall not touch you. Depart with your family in the watch of the night and let none of you turn round, except your wife. She shall be struck by that which strikes them. Their appointed time is the morning. Is it not that the morning is near?’
[11.82] And when Our command came, We turned it up-side down, and rained on it, stone after stone of baked clay,
[11.83] marked with your Lord, and never far from the evildoers.
[11.84] And to Midian, (We sent) their brother Shu’aib. He said: ‘My nation, worship Allah; you have no god except He. Do not reduce the measure nor the scale. I see you are prosperous, and fear the punishment of an encompassing day for you.
[11.85] ‘My nation, be just in filling the measure and the scale. Do not reduce people’s goods and do not corrupt the land with mischief.
[11.86] What remains with Allah is better for you, if you are believers. I am not your guardian.’
[11.87] ‘Shu’aib,’ they replied, ‘does your prayer command you that we should abandon that which our fathers worshipped or do as we please with our goods? You are clement and right-minded!’
[11.88] He said: ‘Think, my nation! If I have a clear sign from my Lord and He has provided me with good provision, I do not desire to go behind you, taking for myself that which I forbid you. I seek but to reform as much as I can, my help comes only from Allah. In Him I have put my trust and to Him I turn in penitence.
[11.89] And my nation, do not let your breaking with me bring upon you something similar to that which struck the nation of Noah, Hood, and Salih – and it is not long since the people of Lot (were punished).
[11.90] Ask the forgiveness of your Lord and turn to Him in repentance. Indeed, my Lord is the Most Merciful, Loving.’
[11.91] They said ‘Shu’aib, we do not understand much of what you say to us. Indeed, we see you weak among us. If it was not for your tribe we would have stoned you because you are not strong against us.’
[11.92] He said: ‘My nation, is my tribe stronger against you than Allah? You have taken Him to be thrown behind you, my Lord encompasses all that you do.
[11.93] My nation, do according to your position; as I am doing; and certainly you will know to whom the degrading punishment will come and who is a liar. Be watchful; I shall be watching with you.’
[11.94] And when Our command came We saved Shu’aib through Our Mercy, together with those who believed. (Then) the evildoers were seized by a Shout, and when morning came they were crouched in their dwellings, dead,
[11.95] as if they had never have lived there. Begone, the nation of Midian, just as Thamood are gone.
[11.96] We sent Moses with Our signs and with clear authority
[11.97] to Pharaoh and his Council. But they followed the command of Pharaoh, and Pharaoh’s command was not right-minded.
[11.98] He shall go before his nation on the Day of Resurrection and lead them into the Fire. Evil is the watering-place to be led down to!
[11.99] A curse was sent to follow them in this world and then upon them on the Day of Resurrection. Evil is the offering to be offered.
[11.100] That, which We have related to you, is the news of the villages; some of them still stand, whereas others are stubble.
[11.101] We did not wrong them, rather, they wronged themselves. Their gods that they called upon, other than Allah, did not help them when your Lord’s command came – they did not increased them except in their destruction.
[11.102] Such is the seizing of your Lord, when He seizes the evildoing villages. His seizing is painful, stern.
[11.103] Indeed, for he who fears the punishment of the Everlasting Life that is a sign. That is a Day on which everyone shall be assembled. That shall be a witnessed Day.
[11.104] We shall not postpone it except until a counted term.
[11.105] When that Day arrives no soul shall speak except by His permission. Some shall be wretched, and others happy.
[11.106] The wretched shall be (cast) in the Fire where they will moan and sigh,
[11.107] and there they shall live for ever, as long as the heavens and the earth endure, and as your Lord wills. Indeed, your Lord accomplishes whatsoever He will.
[11.108] As for the happy, they shall live in Paradise for ever, so as long as the heavens and the earth endure, and as your Lord wills – an unbroken gift.
[11.109] Therefore do no be doubtful as to what these worship. They worship only that which their fathers worshiped before them. We shall indeed pay them in full their undiminished measure.
[11.110] We gave Moses the Book, but they differed regarding it, but for a word that preceded from your Lord, it had been decided between them; and they are in disquieting doubt of it.
[11.111] Indeed, your Lord will pay each one of them in full for their deeds. He is aware of the things they do.
[11.112] So you and whosoever repents with you go straight as you have been commanded and do not be insolent, indeed, He sees what you do.
[11.113] And do not incline to the wrongdoers lest you are touched by the Fire, for then you shall not be helped. You have no guardians other than Allah.
[11.114] And establish your prayer at the two edges of the day and in part of the night. Good deeds will repel evil deeds. That is a remembrance for those who remember.
[11.115] Therefore have patience; Allah will not let the wage of the good-doers go to waste.
[11.116] If (only) there had been – except for a few among them whom We saved – among the generations that have gone before you, some that remained forbidding corruption in the land, but the wrongdoers pursued the ease they had been given to delight in and became sinners.
[11.117] Your Lord would never destroy the villages unjustly, whilst their people were reforming.
[11.118] Had your Lord willed, He would have made mankind a single nation. But they continue in their differences
[11.119] except those on whom your Lord shows mercy. For this end He has created them. The Word of your Lord shall be perfectly completed: ‘I shall fill Gehenna (Hell) with jinn and people, all together.’
[11.120] And all We relate to you of the tidings of the Messengers is that whereby We strengthen your heart and through these the truth has come to you, and an admonition and a reminder to the believers.
[11.121] Say to those who disbelieve: ‘Do according to your station; we are doing according to our station.’
[11.122] Wait; we too are waiting.’
[11.123] To Allah belongs the unseen in the heavens and in the earth; to Him the matter, in its entirety, shall be returned. Worship Him, and put your trust in Him. Your Lord is not inattentive of the things you do.
The Prophet Joseph – Yusuf
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful
[12.1] AlifLaamRa. Those are the verses of the Clear Book.
[12.2] We have sent it down, an Arabic Koran, in order that you understand.
[12.3] In the sending down of this Koran, We will narrate to you (Prophet Muhammad) the best of narratives, of which you were previously unaware.
[12.4] When Joseph said to his father: ‘Father, I saw eleven planets, and the sun and the moon; I saw them prostrating themselves before me.’
[12.5] He said: ‘O my son, say nothing of this vision to your brothers lest they should cunningly plot against you – indeed, satan is the clear enemy of the human,
[12.6] so your Lord will choose you and teach you the interpretation of visions, and perfect His Favor upon you and upon the House of Jacob, as He perfected it on your fathers Abraham and Isaac before you. Your Lord is Knowing, Wise.
[12.7] Indeed, in Joseph and his brothers there were signs for those who inquire.
[12.8] They said: ‘Joseph and his brother are dearer to our father than ourselves, even though we are many. Truly, our father is obviously wrong.
[12.9] (Let us) kill Joseph, or cast him away in some (far off) land, so that your father’s face will be left for you, and afterwards you will be a righteous nation.’
[12.10] One of them said: ‘No, do not kill Joseph, if you do anything, cast him into a dark pit, a traveler will pick him up.’
[12.11] They said: ‘Father, what is the matter with you, do you not trust us with Joseph? Indeed, we are sincere advisors.
[12.12] Send him with us tomorrow to frolic and play. We will look after him.’
[12.13] He said: ‘It grieves me to let him go with you, for I fear lest the wolf should devour him when you are not paying attention to him.’
[12.14] They said: ‘We are many, if a wolf devours him, then we are losers!’
[12.15] When they went with him, they agreed to put him in the bottom of a well. We revealed to him: ‘You shall tell them of what they did when they are not aware (it is you).’
[12.16] At nightfall, they returned weeping to their father.
[12.17] They said: ‘We went racing and left Joseph with our things. The wolf devoured him, but you will not believe us, though we speak the truth.’
[12.18] And they brought his shirt (stained) with blood, a lie. He said: ‘No, your souls have tempted you to do something. But come sweet patience! The help of Allah is always there to seek against that which you describe.’
[12.19] Thereafter travelers came, and sent their waterman. And when he had let down his pail, (he cried:) ‘Rejoice, a boy!’ Then they concealed him among their merchandise, but Allah knew what they did.
[12.20] Then, they sold him for a trifling price, a number of dirhams, because they considered him to be of little value.
[12.21] The Egyptian that bought him said to his wife: ‘Make his stay honorable. He may benefit us, or take him for our son.’ As such We established Joseph in the land, so that We might teach him the interpretation of visions. Allah prevails in His affairs, though most people do not know.
[12.22] And when he reached maturity, We bestowed on him judgment and knowledge. As such We recompense those who do good.
[12.23] And she, in whose house he was, sought to seduce him and closed the doors saying: ‘Come!’ ‘In Allah is my refuge!’ he replied. ‘My Lord has made my dwelling a good one. Harmdoers never prosper.’
[12.24] She desired him, had he not been shown the proof of his Lord he would have taken her. But We turned him away from evil and abomination, for he was one of Our sincere worshipers.
[12.25] They raced to the door and she tore his shirt from behind. And by the door, they met her husband whereupon she said: ‘What is the recompense of one whose intent is evil against your people other than being imprisoned, or sternly punished!’
[12.26] He (Joseph) said: ‘It was she who sought to seduce me,’ and a witness (an infant) of her people bore witness, saying: ‘If his shirt is torn from the front, she is speaking the truth and he is one of the liars,
[12.27] but, if his shirt is torn from behind, she lied, and he is of the truthful.’
[12.28] And when he saw his shirt torn at the back, he said: ‘This is one of your (women’s) guiles. Your guile, (O woman), is great indeed!
[12.29] Joseph, turn away from this. And you, ask forgiveness for your sin. You are indeed one of the sinners.’
[12.30] Certain women in the city said: ‘The Governor’s wife has sought to seduce her servant. He has made her heart stricken with love for him. Clearly, we perceive her to be in error.’
[12.31] When she heard of their sly whispers, she sent for them and prepared a banquet. To each she gave a knife, (then called Joseph saying:) ‘Come and attend to them.’ When they saw him, they were so taken with him that they cut their hands, and said: ‘Allah save us! This is no mortal, he is no other but a noble angel!’
[12.32] Whereupon she said: ‘Now you see, this is he on whose account you blamed me. Yes, I sought to seduce him, but he was unyielding. If he declines to do what I command, he shall be imprisoned and be one of the humiliated.’
[12.33] He supplicated: ‘Lord, prison is dearer to me than that to which they invite me. Yet if You do not shield me from their guile I shall yield to them and be one of the ignorant.’
[12.34] His Lord answered him and He turned their guile away from him. Indeed, He is the Hearer, the Knower.
[12.35] Then it seemed good to them, even after they had seen the signs, that they should imprison him for some time.
[12.36] Two young men went to prison with him. One of them said: ‘I saw (in a vision) that I was pressing grapes.’ And the other said: ‘I saw (in a vision) that I was carrying bread upon my head, and that birds ate of it. Tell us its interpretation, for we can see you are among the good.’
[12.37] He said: ‘Before any food comes to feed either of you, I will give you its interpretation. That which I will tell you has been taught to me by Allah. I reject the belief of a nation who do not believe in Allah and disbelieve in the Everlasting Life.
[12.38] I follow the creed of my fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. It is not for us to associate anything with Allah. Such is the favor of Allah to us, and to mankind. Yet most people do not give thanks.
[12.39] My fellow-prisoners, say which is better, many gods at variance, or Allah the One, the Conqueror?
[12.40] That which you worship, other than Him, are nothing but names which you and your fathers have named and for which Allah has sent down no authority. Judgement rests with Allah alone. He has commanded you to worship none except Him. That is the right religion, yet most people do not know.
[12.41] My fellow-prisoners, one of you will pour wine for his lord whereas the other will be crucified, and birds will peck at his head. The matter you inquired about has been decided.
[12.42] And he said to the one of the two who he knew would be saved: ‘Mention me in the presence of your lord.’ But satan made him forget to mention him to his master, so that he remained in prison for a certain number years.
[12.43] The king said: ‘I saw in a vision seven fatted cows being devoured by seven lean ones; and seven green ears of corn and seven others withered. My counselors, tell me the meaning of my vision, if you can interpret visions.’
[12.44] They said: ‘They are confused nightmares, nor do we know anything of the interpretation of visions.’
[12.45] After all that time, the one of the two who had been saved remembered, he said: ‘I will interpret it for you, so let me go.’
[12.46] (He said:) ‘Joseph, the truthful, tell us of the seven fatted cows that were devoured by seven lean ones – also of the seven green ears of corn and the other seven which were withered, so that I can go back to the people and then they will then know.’
[12.47] He replied: ‘You shall sow for seven years as is your way. Leave in the ear (of corn) you reap, except a little which you eat.
[12.48] Thereafter, seven hard years will come upon you which will consume all but little of that which you have stored.
[12.49] Then, there will come a year in which people are helped, in which the people will press.’
[12.50] The king said: ‘Bring him before me.’ But when the king’s envoy came to him, he said: ‘Go back to your lord and ask him: “What about the women who cut their hands. Indeed, my Lord knows their guile.’
[12.51] ‘What was your business, women,’ he asked, ‘when you solicited Joseph?’ ‘Allah save us!’ they replied. ‘We know no evil against him.’ The Governor’s wife said: ‘The truth has been discovered at last; I solicited him; he is among the truthful.
[12.52] This (I have done) so that he will know I did not secretly betray him, and that Allah does not guide the guile of the treacherous.
[12.53] Yet I do not consider my soul was innocent, surely the soul incites to evil – except to whom my Lord has mercy; indeed, my Lord is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.’
[12.54] The king said: ‘Bring him before me. I will assign him to myself.’ And when he had spoken with him he said: ‘Today, you are firmly established in both our favor and trust.’
[12.55] He (Joseph) said: ‘Give me charge of the storehouses of the land, I am a knowledgeable guardian.’
[12.56] And as such We established Joseph in the land to live wherever he liked. We bestow Our Mercy on whom We will, and We never waste the wage of the righteous.
[12.57] Indeed, the reward of the Everlasting Life is better for those who believe and are cautious.
[12.58] Joseph’s brothers came and presented themselves before him. He recognized them, but they did not know him.
[12.59] And when he had given them their provisions, he said: ‘Bring me a certain brother from your father. Do you not see that I give just measure and am the best of hosts?
[12.60] If you do not bring him to me, you shall receive no measure (of corn) from me, nor shall you come near me (again).’
[12.61] They replied: ‘We will ask our father for him. This we will surely do.’
[12.62] Then he said to his attendants: ‘Put their merchandise in their saddlebags, hopefully they will recognize it when they return to their people. Perhaps they will come back.’
[12.63] When they returned to their father, they said: ‘Father, we have been denied the measure. Send our brother with us and we shall receive our measure. We will indeed look after him.’
[12.64] He replied: ‘Am I to trust you with him as I once trusted you with his brother? Why, Allah is the Best of guardians, and He is the Most Merciful of the Merciful.’
[12.65] When they opened their saddlebags, they found that their merchandise had been given back to them. ‘Father,’ they said ‘what more do we desire? Look, our merchandise has been returned to us. We will receive provisions for our family and we will look after our brother. We shall receive an extra camel-load, that is an easy measure.’
[12.66] He replied: ‘I will never send him with you until you swear by Allah that you will bring him back to me, unless you are prevented.’ And when they had given him their oath, he said: ‘Allah is the Guardian of what we say.’
[12.67] Then he said: ‘My sons, do not enter from one gate. Enter through different gates. I cannot be of any help to you against Allah; judgement belongs to Allah alone. In Him I have put my trust. In Him let all put their trust.’
[12.68] And when they entered from where their father had instructed them, nothing helped them against (the decree of) Allah. It was but a need in Jacob’s soul which he had fulfilled. He possessed knowledge because of what We had taught him, though most people do not know.
[12.69] When they presented themselves before Joseph, he took his brother in his arms, and said: ‘I am your brother. Do not grieve at what they did.’
[12.70] And when he had given them their provisions, he hid a drinking-cup in his brother’s saddlebag. Then a herald called out after them: ‘Cameleers, you are thieves!’
[12.71] They turned back and asked: ‘What have you lost?’
[12.72] ‘We are missing the goblet of the king,’ he replied. ‘Whosoever restores it shall have a camel-load, that I guarantee.’
[12.73] ‘By Allah,’ they said, ‘you know we did not come to do evil in this land. We are not thieves.’
[12.74] They said: ‘What shall be the recompense, if you prove to be lying?’
[12.75] They replied: ‘Its recompense – in whosoever’s saddle bag it is found, he shall be its recompense. As such we punish the harmdoers.’
[12.76] He searched their bags before his brother’s and then took out the goblet from his brother’s bag. As such We directed Joseph. By the king’s law he had no right to seize his brother unless Allah willed otherwise. We raise whom We will in rank; over every knowledgeable person is One who knows.
[12.77] They said: ‘If he is a thief know then that a brother of his has committed theft before him.’ But Joseph kept it secret and did not reveal it to them. He said: ‘You are in a worse position. And Allah knows well what you describe.’
[12.78] They said: ‘Mighty prince, his father is old, advanced in years, take one of us instead of him. We can see you are amongst the good-doers.’
[12.79] He replied: ‘Allah forbid that we should seize any but he with whom our property was found, for then we should be harmdoers.’
[12.80] When they despaired of him, they went in private to confer together. The eldest said: ‘Do you not know that your father took a pledge from you in the Name of Allah, and that you failed before regarding Joseph? I shall never stir from this land until my father gives me leave or Allah makes known to me His judgement: He is the Best of judges.
[12.81] Return, all of you to your father and say to him: ‘Father, your son has committed a theft. We testify only to what we know. How could we guard against the unforeseen?
[12.82] Ask the village where we were and the caravan in which we traveled, we speak the truth.’
[12.83] ‘No’ he (Jacob) said, ‘your souls have tempted you to do something. But come sweet patience. Allah may bring them all to me. He alone is the Knowing, the Wise.’
[12.84] And he turned away and said: ‘Alas for Joseph!’ His eyes turned white with the grief he repressed within him.
[12.85] They said: ‘By Allah, will you not cease to mention Joseph until you are consumed, or are among the perishing?’
[12.86] He replied: ‘I complain to Allah of my anguish and sadness. I know from Allah what you do not know.
[12.87] Go and seek news of Joseph and his brother. Do not despair of the Comfort of Allah, none but unbelievers despair of the Comfort of Allah.’
[12.88] And when they presented themselves before him they said: ‘O mighty prince, we and our people are afflicted with distress. We have brought but little merchandise. Fill up the measure, and be charitable to us; Allah rewards the charitable.’
[12.89] ‘Do you know’ he replied, ‘what you did to Joseph and his brother in your ignorance?’
[12.90] They said: ‘Are you Joseph?’ ‘I am Joseph,’ he answered, ‘and this is my brother. Allah has been gracious to us. Those who keep from evil and are patient, indeed, Allah does not let the wage of the good- doers go to waste.’
[12.91] ‘By Allah,’ they said, ‘Allah has preferred you above us all. We have indeed been sinful.’
[12.92] He replied: ‘Let no reproach be on you this day. Allah will forgive you – He is the Most Merciful of the merciful.
[12.93] Go, take this shirt of mine and cast it over my father’s face, he will recover his sight. Then return to me with all your family.’
[12.94] As the caravan departed, their father said: ‘I smell the scent of Joseph, unless you think I am foolish.’
[12.95] ‘By Allah,’ they said, ‘this is but your old illusion.’
[12.96] And when the bearer of glad tidings arrived, he laid Joseph’s shirt over him, and he saw once again. He said: ‘Did I not tell you that I know from Allah what you do not know?’
[12.97] His sons said: ‘Father, ask forgiveness for our sins. We have indeed been sinners.’
[12.98] He said: ‘I shall ask my Lord to forgive you. He is Forgiving, the Most Merciful.’
[12.99] And when they entered before Joseph, he took his father and mother into his arms and said: ‘Welcome to Egypt, safe, if Allah wills!’
[12.100] He lifted his parents to the throne, and (the others) bowed before him. Joseph said to his father: ‘This is the meaning of my vision of long ago, my Lord has verified it. He has been gracious to me. He brought me out of prison and brought you out of the desert after satan had corrupted (the relationship) between me and my brothers. My Lord is Gentle to whom He will. He alone is the Knower, the Wise.
[12.101] Lord, You have given me the kingdom and taught me to interpret visions. Originator of the heavens and the earth, my Guardian in this world and in the Everlasting Life. Let me die in submission (as a Muslim) and let me join the righteous.’
[12.102] That is of the news We reveal to you of the unseen. You were not present when they agreed upon their plan, scheming.
[12.103] Even though you are so eager, most people will not believe.
[12.104] You shall ask no wage for it. It is nothing except a reminder to all mankind.
[12.105] How many signs in the heavens and earth do they pass by and turn away from.
[12.106] And most of them do not believe in Allah, but they associate others with Him.
[12.107] Do they feel secure that the punishment of Allah will envelop them, or that the Hour will overtake them suddenly when they are unaware?
[12.108] Say: ‘This is my Path. I call to Allah with sure knowledge, I and my followers. Exaltations be to Allah! I am not among the idolaters.’
[12.109] We did not send any before you from the inhabitants of the village, but men to whom a revelation was sent. Have they not traveled in the land and seen what was the end of those before them? Better is the dwelling in the Everlasting Life for those who keep from evil. Do you not understand?
[12.110] And when at length Our Messengers despaired and reckoned that they would be belied, Our help came down to them, saving whom We pleased. Our Might cannot be withheld from the guilty nation.
[12.111] Indeed, in their stories is a lesson for those of understanding. This is no forged tale, rather, it is a confirmation of the previous, a distinguishing of all things, a guidance and a mercy to a nation who believe.