The Ants – An-Naml and The Story – Al-QasasApril 20, 2012
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful
[27.1] TaSeen. Those are the verses of the Koran, a clear Book,
[27.2] a guidance and glad tidings to believers,
[27.3] who establish their prayers, and pay the obligatory charity, and are certain of the Everlasting Life.
[27.4] As for those who do not believe in the Everlasting Life, We have decorated for them their works, and they wander blindly.
[27.5] Such are those for whom there is an evil punishment, and in the Everlasting Life are the greatest losers.
[27.6] You have received the Koran from the Wise, the Knower.
[27.7] When Moses said to his household: ‘Indeed, I can see a fire far away. I will go and bring you news of it or I will bring you a lighted flame so that you can warm yourselves.’
[27.8] And when he came near it he was called: ‘Blessed be who is (Moses) in the fire and (the angels) who are around it! Exaltations to Allah, Lord of the Worlds!
[27.9] Moses, it is I, Allah, the Almighty, the Wise.
[27.10] Cast down your staff.’ And when he saw it writhing like a serpent, he turned about retreating, and did not turn back. ‘Moses, do not fear, indeed the Messengers do not fear (when they are) with Me,
[27.11] except he who has done evil, then, after evil, has changed into good. I am the Forgiving, Most Merciful.
[27.12] Put your hand inside your collar and it will come out luminous without evil – among the nine signs to Pharaoh and his nation, indeed they were an impious nation.’
[27.13] But when Our signs came to them visibly, they said: ‘This is plain sorcery.’
[27.14] They denied them unjustly out of pride, though their souls acknowledged them. See, how was the end of the corrupt workers!
[27.15] We gave knowledge to David and Solomon. They said: ‘Praise be to Allah who has preferred us above many of His believing worshipers.’
[27.16] Solomon inherited David. He said: ‘Know, my people, we have been taught the speech of birds and given everything. Surely, this is a clear bounty.’
[27.17] We gathered to Solomon his army of jinn, humans and birds; gathered and dispersed,
[27.18] and when they came to the Valley of the Ants, an ant said: ‘Ants, go into your dwellings lest Solomon and his army should, unknowingly, crush you.’
[27.19] He smiled, and laughed at its words, and said: ‘My Lord, inspire me that I should be thankful for Your blessing with which You have blessed me and my parents, and that I may do good works that will please You. Admit me, by Your Mercy, among Your righteous worshipers.’
[27.20] He reviewed the birds and said: ‘Why is it that I do not see the hoopoe here? Or is he among the absent?
[27.21] Surely, I will punish him with a terrible punishment, or I will slaughter him or he gives me a good reason.’
[27.22] He was not long in coming, and said: ‘I know what you do not know. I come to you from Sheba with certain news.
[27.23] There I found a woman ruling over them. She possess everything and has a great throne.
[27.24] But she and her people prostrate to the sun instead of Allah. And satan has made their deeds seem pleasing to them and barred them from the Path, and therefore they are not guided.
[27.25] Do they not prostrate themselves to Allah who brings forth all that is concealed in the heavens and earth and He knows what they hide and what they reveal?
[27.26] Allah, there is no god except He, the Lord of the Mighty Throne.’
[27.27] He replied: ‘We shall see if what you have said is true or whether you are among those who lie.
[27.28] Take my letter, and drop it to them. Then turn aside and see what they shall return.’
[27.29] She (the Queen of Sheba) said: ‘O Council, look, an honorable letter has been dropped to me.
[27.30] It is from Solomon and it is “In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful.
[27.31] Do not rise up against me, but come to me in surrender (Muslims).”
[27.32] She said: ‘O Council, let me hear your counsel, concerning my affairs, for I am not used to deciding an affair until you bear me witness.’
[27.33] They replied: ‘We are possessors of force and great might. It is for you to command, so consider what you will.’
[27.34] She said: ‘When kings enter a village, they ruin it and humiliate its nobles. And this they will do.
[27.35] But I shall send them a gift and see what the messengers bring back.’
[27.36] But when he came to Solomon, he said: ‘Is it wealth that you would give me, when Allah has given me that which is better than He has given to you? No, but instead you rejoice in your gift!
[27.37] Go back then, we shall surely come against them with soldiers of which they have no power to oppose, and we shall drive them from there abased and humiliated.’
[27.38] And he said: ‘O Council, which of you will bring me her throne, before they come to me, Muslims (submissive to Allah)?’
[27.39] An efreet (an extremely strong jinn) among the jinn replied: ‘I will bring it to you before you rise from your place; I have the strength and am trustworthy.’
[27.40] But he who had knowledge of the Book, said: ‘I will bring it to you before your glance comes back to you.’ And when he saw it set before him, he (Solomon) said: ‘This is a favor from my Lord that He might test me whether I am thankful or ungrateful. Whosoever gives thanks gives thanks only for his (own soul’s) good, but he who is ungrateful, truly my Lord is Rich and Generous.’
[27.41] (Then) he said: ‘Let her throne be disguised, so that we can see whether she is guided or if she is among those who are not guided.’
[27.42] And when she came she was asked: ‘Is your throne like this?’ And she replied: ‘It looks like it.’ And we were given the knowledge before her, and were Muslims.
[27.43] That which she worshipped, other than Allah, had prevented her, for she came from an unbelieving nation.
[27.44] It was said to her: ‘Enter the pavilion.’ And when she saw it, she thought it was a pool of water, and bared her legs. But he said: ‘It is a pavilion smoothed with crystal.’ She said: ‘My Lord, I have wronged myself, and I become a Muslim (submissive) with Solomon to Allah, Lord of the Worlds.’
[27.45] To Thamood We sent their brother Salih saying: ‘Worship Allah.’ But they were two parties in dispute with one another.
[27.46] ‘My nation,’ he said, ‘why do you wish to hasten evil rather than good? Why do you not ask the forgiveness of Allah, in order that you find mercy?’
[27.47] They said: ‘We predict an evil omen from you and those who are with you.’ He replied: ‘Your prediction is with Allah, you are a nation being tested.’
[27.48] In the city there were nine people who were corrupting the land and did not reform.
[27.49] They said: ‘Let us swear by Allah to attack him and his family at night, then we will tell his guardian we were not witnesses of the destruction of his family; and surely we are truthful.’
[27.50] And they devised a scheme and, without their knowledge, We devised a scheme.
[27.51] And behold the consequences of their devising! We destroyed them, and their nation altogether.
[27.52] Those are their houses, all are in ruins because of the evil they committed; surely in this there is a sign for nation who know.
[27.53] And We saved those who believed and were cautious.
[27.54] And Lot, he said to his nation: ‘Do you commit indecencies with your eyes open!
[27.55] Do you approach men lustfully instead of women! No, you are an ignorant nation.’
[27.56] Yet the only answer of his nation was that they said: ‘Expel the family of Lot from your village, they are people who purified themselves!’
[27.57] So We saved him and his family, except his wife, whom We decreed should stay behind.
[27.58] And we rained on them a rain (of stones); indeed it is an evil rain that rains on those that are warned.
[27.59] Say: ‘Praise belongs to Allah and peace be upon His worshipers whom He has chosen!’ Who is more worthier, Allah or that which they associate!
[27.60] Is He who created the heavens and the earth, and sent water from the sky for you and caused gardens to grow – full of beauty – of which its tree you could never grow, is there a god with Allah? No, but they are a nation who set up equals with Him!
[27.61] Who has established the earth a fixed place and set therein rivers; and set for it firm mountains and placed a barrier between the two seas, is there a god with Allah? No, most of them are without knowledge.
[27.62] Who answers the oppressed when he supplicates to Him and removes evil and appoints you as inheritors of the earth, is there a god with Allah? How little you remember!
[27.63] Who guides you in the darkness of the land and sea, and sends the winds bearing glad tidings of His Mercy, is there a god with Allah? Exalted is Allah above what they associate.
[27.64] Who originates creation, then brings it back again, who gives you sustenance from the heaven and the earth, is there a god with Allah? Say: ‘Bring us your proof if you are among the truthful!’
[27.65] Say: ‘None in the heavens or the earth knows the Unseen except Allah, and they are not aware when they shall be resurrected.’
[27.66] No, their knowledge fails them as to the Everlasting Life; no, they are in doubt about it, no, they are blind to it.
[27.67] The unbelievers say: ‘When we and our fathers are turned to dust, shall we be brought forth?
[27.68] We were promised this before, and so were our fathers. It is but the fictitious story of the ancients.’
[27.69] Say: ‘Journey in the land and see what was the end of the sinners.’
[27.70] Do not be sorry for them, nor be distressed for what they devise.
[27.71] And they ask: ‘When will this promise come, if what you say is true?’
[27.72] Say: ‘It may be that part of what you seek to hasten on is already riding behind you.’
[27.73] Surely, your Lord is bountiful to the people; yet most of them do not give thanks.
[27.74] Surely, your Lord knows what they hide in their hearts and what they reveal.
[27.75] There is not a thing hidden in the heaven and earth except that it is in a Clear Book.
[27.76] Surely, this Koran relates to the Children of Israel most of that which they are at variance.
[27.77] It is a guidance and a mercy to believers.
[27.78] Surely, by His Judgement, your Lord will decide between them. He is the Mighty, the Knower.
[27.79] Therefore put your trust in Allah, for you are upon a clear truth.
[27.80] You do not make the dead hear, nor do you make the deaf hear you call when they turn about, retreating.
[27.81] Nor do you guide the blind out of their error, nor do you make any to hear, except those who believe in Our verses and are Muslims.
[27.82] And when the Word falls on them, We will bring out from the earth a beast that shall speak to them: ‘Indeed the people were not certain of Our verses.’
[27.83] On that Day We shall gather a crowd from every nation of those who belied Our verses, so they are gathered.
[27.84] When they have come, He will say: ‘Did you belie My verses, although you knew nothing, or what was it you were doing?’
[27.85] And the Word shall fall upon them because of the evil they committed, and they shall be speechless.
[27.86] Have they not seen how We have made the night for them to rest in and the day to see? Surely, there are signs in this for the nation who believe.
[27.87] On the Day the Horn shall be blown all who live in the heavens and earth will be terrified, except those whom Allah wills. All shall come to Him humbled.
[27.88] And you will see the mountains which you think to be firm pass by like clouds. (Such is the) making of Allah, who has created everything well. He is Aware of the things you do.
[27.89] Whosoever comes with a good deed shall have better than it, and shall be secure from the terrors of that Day.
[27.90] But those who come with an evil deed shall have their faces thrust into the Fire: ‘Are you recompensed except for your deeds?’
[27.91] (Say Prophet Muhammad): ‘I am only ordered to worship the Lord of this country, which He has made sacred, everything belongs to Him. And I am ordered to be of the Muslims,
[27.92] and to recite the Koran. Whosoever is guided is only guided for himself, and to whosoever goes astray, say: ‘I am only a warner.’
[27.93] And say: ‘Praise belongs to Allah! He will show you His signs and you will recognize them. Your Lord is not inattentive of what you do.’
The Story – Al-Qasas
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful
[28.2] Those are the verses of the Clear Book.
[28.3] We shall in truth recite to you some of the news of Moses and Pharaoh for a nation who believe.
[28.4] Pharaoh had exalted himself in the land and had divided its people into sects, one group he abased, putting their sons to death and sparing their women, for he was one of those who corrupted.
[28.5] But We wanted to be gracious to those abased in the land, and to make them leaders and inheritors,
[28.6] and to establish them in the land; and to show Pharaoh and Haman, and their armies, the very thing they dreaded.
[28.7] We revealed this to Moses’ mother: ‘Suckle him, but when you fear for him cast him into the water. Neither fear, nor sorrow because We shall restore him to you and make him among the Messengers.’
[28.8] Then the family of Pharaoh picked him out to be an enemy and a sorrow for them, indeed Pharaoh and Haman, and their army were sinners.
[28.9] Pharaoh’s wife said to him: ‘He will be a comfort to me and you. Do not slay him, perhaps he may benefit us, or we will take him for our son.’ But they were unaware.
[28.10] In the morning the heart of Moses’ mother became empty. She would have revealed (who he was) had We not settled her heart so that she might be among the believers.
[28.11] She said to his sister: ‘Follow him.’ And she watched him from a distance, but they were unaware.
[28.12] We had forbidden to him before that he should be suckled by foster mothers, therefore she (Moses’ sister) said (to them): ‘Shall I direct you to a people of a household who will take charge of him for you and advise him?’
[28.13] So, We restored him to his mother, so that she might be comforted and not sorrow, and that she might know that the promise of Allah is true. Yet most of them do not know.
[28.14] And when he was full grown, and reached the perfection of his strength, We gave him judgment and knowledge. As such We recompense the good-doers.
[28.15] And he entered the city unnoticed by the people and found two men fighting, one was of his own party, and the other of his enemies. The one of his party appealed for his help against his enemy, Moses struck and killed him, and said: ‘This is the work of satan, he is surely a clear, misleading enemy.
[28.16] Forgive me, my Lord, for I have wronged myself,’ and so He forgave him; for He is indeed the Forgiving, the Most Merciful.
[28.17] He said: ‘My Lord as You have favored me, I will never be a helper to the wrongdoer.’
[28.18] In the morning, he was in the city, fearful and vigilant, then he whom he had helped the day before cried out to him again for help. ‘Clearly,’ said Moses, ‘you are quarrelsome.’
[28.19] And when Moses was about to seize he who was the enemy of both of them, he said: ‘Moses, would you kill me as you killed a living soul yesterday? You desire only to be a tyrant in the land, and you do not want to be among the reformers!’
[28.20] Then a man came running from the furthest part of the city, ‘Moses,’ he said, ‘the Assembly are plotting to kill you. Leave, for I am one of your sincere advisers.’
[28.21] So he left, fearful and vigilant, saying: ‘My Lord, save me from the harm-doing nation.’
[28.22] And when he turned his face towards Midian, he said: ‘It may be that my Lord will guide me on the right way.’
[28.23] When he came to the water wells of Midian he found there some people drawing water, and he found two women apart from them who were keeping back (their flocks). ‘What is your business?’ he asked. They replied: ‘We cannot draw water until the shepherds have driven away (their flocks), and our father is an elderly man.’
[28.24] So he drew water for them and then retired to the shade, saying: ‘O my Lord, surely I have need of whatever good You send me.’
[28.25] Then, one of the two came to him walking shyly, and said: ‘My father invites you, so that he can recompense you with a wage for having drawn water for us.’ So when he came to him and told him his story, (the father) said: ‘Do not be afraid, you have been saved from the nation of harmdoers.’
[28.26] One of the two women said: ‘Father, hire him. The best who you can hire, is the strong, the honest.’
[28.27] He said: ‘I will let you marry one of these two daughters of mine on condition that you hire yourself to me for eight years. If you complete ten that is of your own accord; I shall not press you. Surely, you will find me, if Allah wills, among the good.’
[28.28] ‘So be it between me and you,’ said Moses. ‘Whichever of the two terms I fulfill, it will be no injustice to me. Allah is the Guardian of what we say.’
[28.29] And when Moses had fulfilled the term and departed with his household, he saw from far away on the side of the Tor a fire. He said to his household: ‘Stay here, for I can see a fire. Perhaps I can bring you news, or a flame from the fire so that you can warm yourselves.’
[28.30] When he came to it, he was called from the right bank in the blessed plot of the tree (he heard speech without letter or voice coming from all directions): ‘Moses, I am Allah, Lord of the Worlds.
[28.31] Cast down your staff.’ And when he saw his staff writhing as though it were a serpent, he turned about in retreat, and did not turn back. ‘O Moses, approach and have no fear. You are surely safe.
[28.32] Put your hand in the neck (of your shirt), it will come out luminous, unharmed, and draw your arm to you so that you are not afraid. These are two signs from your Lord to Pharaoh and his Assembly. Surely, they were an impious nation.’
[28.33] ‘My Lord,’ (said Moses), ‘I have killed a living soul among them, and fear that they will slay me.
[28.34] Aaron my brother has a more eloquent tongue than I, (please) send him with me as a helper to confirm I speak truly, I fear that they will belie me.’
[28.35] He said: ‘We will strengthen your arm with your brother, and appoint for you both an authority so that they shall not reach you. With our signs you and those who follow you shall be the victors.
[28.36] And when Moses came to them with Our clear signs, they said: ‘This is nothing but forged sorcery. We have never heard of this among our fathers, the ancients.’
[28.37] Moses replied: ‘My Lord knows well who brings guidance from Him and who shall possess the Last Residence. The harmdoers will not prosper.’
[28.38] ‘Assembly,’ said Pharaoh, ‘I do not know that you have any god except me!’ ‘O Haman, kindle a fire upon clay and make me a tower so that I can climb to see the God of Moses, I think that he is one of the liars!’
[28.39] He and his hosts became wrongfully proud in the land and they thought that they would never be returned to Us.
[28.40] Therefore, We seized him and his hosts, and cast them into the sea. See how was the end of the harmdoers.
[28.41] We made them leaders inviting to the Fire, and on the Day of Resurrection they shall not be victors.
[28.42] In this world We laid Our curse on them, and on the Day of Resurrection they shall be among the exiled.
[28.43] And We gave Moses the Book, after We had destroyed the former generations, to be reflections for people and a guidance, and a mercy in order that they might remember.
[28.44] (Prophet Muhammad) you were not on the western side (of the mountain) when We decreed the commandment to Moses, nor were you among those witnessing.
[28.45] We raised generations who lived long. You did not live among the people of Midian, nor did you recite to them Our verses; but We were sending Messengers.
[28.46] You were not present on the side of the Tor when We called. Yet as a mercy from your Lord to warn a nation to whom no warner has been sent before, in order that they remember
[28.47] and not say, when evil befalls them on account of that which their hands forwarded: ‘Our Lord, why did You not send a Messenger to us so that we might follow Your verses and so that we might be among the believers.’
[28.48] So when the truth (Prophet Muhammad) came to them from Us, they said: ‘Why is he not given the like of that which was given to Moses?’ But did they not also disbelieve in that which Moses was given before! They say (about Moses and Aaron): ‘Two sorcerers supporting one another!’ And they said: ‘We disbelieve both.’
[28.49] Say: ‘If what you say is true, bring down from Allah a Book that is a better guidance than both, I will follow it!’
[28.50] If they do not answer you, know that they are only following their desires. And who is further astray than he who is led by his desires without guidance from Allah! Allah does not guide the harmdoers.
[28.51] We have brought them the Word in order that they remember.
[28.52] Those to whom We gave the Book before, believe in it.
[28.53] When it is recited to them, they say: ‘We believe in it, because it is the truth from Our Lord. We surrendered ourselves before it came.
[28.54] ‘Their wage shall be given them twice, because they have endured patiently, averting evil with good and spending from what We have given them;
[28.55] and because when they hear idle talk they turn away from it and say: ‘We have our deeds, and you have your deeds. Peace be upon you. We do not desire the ignorant.’
[28.56] You cannot guide whom you please; it is Allah who guides whom He will. He knows well those who are guided.
[28.57] They say: ‘If we follow the guidance with you, we shall be driven from our land.’ But have We not given them a secure sanctuary from which fruits of every kind are collected as a provision from Us? Indeed, most of them do not know.
[28.58] How many a village have We destroyed that were ungrateful in their life! Those are their dwellings, (they are) uninhabited after them except for a little; We are the inheritors.
[28.59] Nor did your Lord destroy the villages until He had sent a Messenger to its mother village reciting to them Our verses. We never destroyed villages unless their inhabitants were harmdoers.
[28.60] The things you have been given, and its adornments, are but the enjoyment of this present life. What is with Allah is better and everlasting. Do you not understand?
[28.61] Is he to whom We promised a fine promise and receives it, like he who has been given the enjoyment of this present life, then on the Day of Resurrection shall be among those that are arraigned?
[28.62] On that Day He will call to them, saying: ‘Where are those whom you alleged to be My associates?’
[28.63] Those against whom the Word is realized shall say: ‘Our Lord, those whom we led astray, we led them astray even as we ourselves were astray. We are quit of them to You; it was not us that they worshipped.’
[28.64] It will be said to them: ‘Call on your associates!’ And they will call on them, but they will not respond to them, and they shall see the punishment – if only they had been guided.
[28.65] On that Day He will call to them and He will say: ‘What response did you give Our Messengers?’
[28.66] And on that Day the news will be blinded for them, and they will not ask each other.
[28.67] But, as for he who repents and believes, and does good deeds, he will be among those who prosper.
[28.68] Your Lord creates whosoever He will and He chooses – the choice was not theirs (the unbelievers). Exalted is Allah, above that they associate!
[28.69] Your Lord knows what their chests hide and what they reveal.
[28.70] And He is Allah; there is no god except He. The Praise is His in the former as in the latter. His is the Judgement, to Him you shall be returned.
[28.71] Say: ‘Think! What if Allah should enshroud you in unceasing night till the Day of Resurrection, what god, other than Allah, shall bring you light! Will you not hear?’
[28.72] Say: ‘What would you think if Allah should make the day unceasing over you till the Day of Resurrection, what god, other than Allah, shall bring you the night to sleep in. Will you not see?’
[28.73] In His Mercy He has appointed for you the night and the day, so that you can rest in it, and seek His bounty, in order that you will be thankful.’
[28.74] Upon that Day He will call to them saying: ‘Now, where are those whom you alleged to be My associates?’
[28.75] From every nation We will bring a witness, and We shall say to them: ‘Produce your proof!’ Then they shall know the truth is with Allah, and their own fabrications will forsake them.
[28.76] . Korah was one of Moses’ nation. But he was insolent to them, for We had given him such treasures that their very keys were too heavy a burden for even the strong. His people said to him: ‘Do not exult; Allah does not love the boastful.
[28.77] But seek, in that which Allah has given you to attain the Everlasting residence. Do not forget your share in this world. Do good, as Allah has been good to you, and do not corrupt in the land, Allah does not love those who corrupt.
[28.78] But he replied: ‘What was given me is only because of the knowledge I possess.’ Did he not know that from the generations before him Allah had destroyed a mightier and more numerous in multitude? The sinners shall not be questioned about their sins.
[28.79] So he went out in all his finery among his nation, those who desired this life said: ‘Would that we had the like of that Korah has been given! He has indeed a mighty fortune.’
[28.80] But those to whom knowledge had been given said: ‘Alas for you! Better is the reward of Allah for him who believes and does good works; but none shall receive it except the patient.’
[28.81] We caused the earth to swallow him, together with his dwelling, and there was no host to help him, other than Allah; and he was not amongst the victorious.
[28.82] And in the morning those who had wished to be in his place the previous evening said: ‘Indeed, Allah outspreads to whom He will among His worshipers, and He restrains. Had He not shown us favor, He could have caused the earth to swallow us. Indeed, the unbelievers shall never prosper.’
[28.83] That is the Last Abode, We shall assign it to those who desire neither exorbitance in the earth, nor corruption. The outcome is for the cautious.
[28.84] Whosoever does a good deed shall have better than it. But whosoever does evil deeds, they shall be recompensed for what they were doing.
[28.85] He who has obligated the Koran will bring you to an appointment. Say: ‘My Lord knows well who comes with guidance, and who is in clear error.’
[28.86] You did not hope that the Book would be given to you except as mercy from your Lord. So do not be a supporter of the unbelievers.
[28.87] Let no one bar you from the verses of Allah after they have been sent down to you, but call to your Lord, and do not be amongst the idolaters.
[28.88] And do not call upon another god with Allah, there is no god except He. All things perish, except His Face, Judgement is His, and to Him all of you shall return.