Lokman – Lokman, The Prostration – As-Sajda, The Confederates – Al-AhzabApril 20, 2012
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful
[31.2] Those are the verses of the Wise Book,
[31.3] a guidance and a mercy to those who do good,
[31.4] who establish the prayer, pay the obligatory charity, and firmly believe in the Everlasting Life.
[31.5] Those are guided by their Lord and will surely prosper.
[31.6] There are some people who would purchase distracting talk, to lead astray from the Path of Allah without knowledge, and take it in mockery; for those is a humiliating punishment.
[31.7] When Our verses are recited to him, he turns his back in pride, as though he never heard them, and in his ears was heaviness. Give glad tidings to him of a painful punishment!
[31.8] But for those who believe and do good works are Gardens of Bliss,
[31.9] where they shall live for ever. The promise of Allah is the truth; He is the Almighty, the Wise.
[31.10] He created the heavens without pillars that you see and cast on the earth firm mountains lest it should shake with you. Upon it He dispersed all manner of crawling thing, and He sent down water from the sky with which He caused to grow in it every generous kind.
[31.11] Such is the creation of Allah; now show me what, other than Him, created! No, the harmdoers are in clear error.
[31.12] We gave wisdom to Lokman (saying): ‘Give thanks to Allah. He who gives thanks, thanks only for himself, but whosoever is ungrateful, surely, Allah is the Rich, the Praised.’
[31.13] And when Lokman said to his son, in warning: ‘My son, associate none with Allah, to associate others with Allah is a tremendous wrong.’
[31.14] And We charged the human concerning his parents, for his mother bore him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning was in two years. Be thankful to Me and to your parents, to Me is the arrival.
[31.15] But if they strive with you to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them. And accompany them in this life with kindness; and follow the Path of he who turned to Me. To Me you shall return and I will inform you of all that you have done.
[31.16] (Lokman said:) ‘My son, if it should be but the weight of one grain of mustard-seed, and though it be on a rock, or in the heavens, or in the earth, Allah shall bring it. Surely, Allah is the Subtle, Aware.
[31.17] My son, establish the prayer, order with honor but forbid dishonor, and bear patiently with whatever may fall upon you, indeed that is true constancy.
[31.18] Do not turn your cheek in scorn away from people, nor walk proudly on the earth; Allah does not love the proud and the boastful.
[31.19] Walk modestly, and lower your voice; the most hideous of voices is the braying of the donkey.
[31.20] Do you not see how Allah has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and the earth, and lavished on you His visible and unseen favors? Yet some people would argue about Allah without knowledge, or guidance, or an Illuminating Book.’
[31.21] When it is said to them: ‘Follow what Allah has sent down,’ they reply: ‘No, rather we will follow that which we found our fathers upon.’ What! Even though satan is inviting them to the punishment of the Fire!
[31.22] He who surrenders himself to Allah and is a good- doer, has grasped the firmest handle. To Allah the issue of affairs return.
[31.23] As for those who disbelieve, do not let their disbelief grieve you, to Us they shall return and We will tell to them what they did. Allah has knowledge of what is innermost in their chests.
[31.24] We give to them a little enjoyment for awhile, and then will compel them to a tremendous punishment.
[31.25] If you ask them: ‘Who has created the heavens and the earth?’ They will reply: ‘Allah.’ Say: ‘Praise belongs to Allah!’ But most of them do not have knowledge.
[31.26] To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. He is the Rich, the Praised.
[31.27] If all the trees in the earth were pens, and the sea, with seven more seas to replenish it (with ink), the Words of Allah would never end. Allah is the Almighty, the Wise.
[31.28] Your creation and your resurrection are but as a single soul. Allah is the Hearer, the Seer.
[31.29] Do you not see how Allah causes the night to enter into the day, and the day enter into the night and has subjected the sun and the moon, each running to a named term? Allah is Aware of what you do.
[31.30] For Allah is the Truth, while that which they call upon, other than Him, is false. For that Allah is the Most High, the Great.
[31.31] Do you not see how the ships run upon the sea, by the Favor of Allah so that He may show you His signs? Surely, there are signs in this for every steadfast, thankful person.
[31.32] When the waves, like shadows, envelop them, they call to Allah making their religion sincerely His, but no sooner does He bring them safely to land then some of them are half-hearted. None denies Our verses, except the ungrateful traitor.
[31.33] People, fear your Lord, and fear the Day when no father shall ransom a thing for his child nor a child for his father. The promise of Allah is surely true. So do not let the life of this present world delude you, nor let the deluder (satan) delude you concerning Allah.
[31.34] Allah, He alone has knowledge of the Hour. He sends down the rain and He knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows what he will earn tomorrow; and no soul knows in what land it will die. Surely, Allah is the Knower, the Aware.
The Prostration – As-Sajda
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful
[32.2] The sending down of the Book in which there is no doubt that is from the Lord of the Worlds.
[32.3] Or do they say: ‘He has forged it himself?’ Say: ‘No, it is the truth from your Lord so that you can warn a nation to whom none has warned before you, in order that they are guided.
[32.4] It was Allah, who, in six days created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and then willed to the Throne. You have no guardian nor intercessor other than Him. Will you not remember?
[32.5] He directs the affair from heaven to earth. Then it will ascend to Him in one day, a day whose value is a thousand years by your reckoning.
[32.6] He is the Knower of the Unseen and the Visible, the Almighty, the Most Merciful,
[32.7] who perfected everything He created. He originated the creation of the human from clay,
[32.8] then He made his offspring from a clot of weak water (semen).
[32.9] Then He created him and (caused the angel to) breathe into him his (created) spirit. He gave you eyes and ears, and hearts, yet little do you thank.
[32.10] They say: ‘What, when we have been destroyed in the earth, shall we indeed be in a new creation?’ Indeed, they disbelieve that they will meet their Lord.
[32.11] Say: ‘The Angel of Death, who has been given charge of you will gather you then to your Lord you shall be returned.’
[32.12] Would that you could see the wrongdoers when they lower their heads before their Lord! They will say: ‘Our Lord, we have now seen and heard. Send us back and we will do righteous deeds, we are certain.’
[32.13] Had We Willed, We would have guided every soul. But My Word shall be realized, ‘I will fill Gehenna (Hell) with jinn and people all together.’
[32.14] (We shall say to them): ‘Now taste, for you forgot the encounter of this Day, We have forgotten you. Taste Our eternal punishment, for that which you were doing.’
[32.15] Only those who believe in Our verses, when reminded of them, prostrate themselves and exalt with the praise of their Lord in humility;
[32.16] whose sides forsake their couches as they supplicate to their Lord in fear and hope; who give in charity of that which We have given them.
[32.17] No soul knows what pleases the eye is in store for them as a recompense for what they used to do.
[32.18] Can he, then, who is a believer, be compared to he who is wicked? They are not equal.
[32.19] As for those who believe and do good works, there are for them the Gardens of Refuge, in hospitality for that which they have done.
[32.20] But those who do evil their refuge is the Fire. As often as they desire to come out of it they shall be driven back, and it will be said to them: ‘Taste the punishment of the Fire, which you have belied.’
[32.21] But We will let them taste the nearest punishment (in this life) before the greater punishment, so that they may return (to faith).
[32.22] And who is more wicked than he who, when reminded of the verses of his Lord turns away from them? We take revenge on the sinners.
[32.23] We have given the Book to Moses, so (Prophet Muhammad) do not be in doubt concerning the meeting with him (Prophet Moses) – and made it a guidance to the Children of Israel.
[32.24] When they were patient, We made from them leaders, guiding with Our Command and they were certain of Our verses.
[32.25] On the Day of Resurrection your Lord will distinguish between them that on which they varied.
[32.26] Is it not a guidance to them, how many generations We destroyed before them in whose dwelling places they walk? Surely, in this there are signs. Will they not then hear!
[32.27] Do they not see how We drive the water to the parched lands and bring forth therefrom crops from which their cattle and themselves eat? Will they not see!
[32.28] They also ask: ‘When will this Opening come, if what you say is true?’
[32.29] Say: ‘On the Day of Opening the faith of the unbelievers will not benefit them, nor shall they be respited.’
[32.30] Therefore turn away from them, and wait, they are waiting.
The Confederates – Al-Ahzab
In the Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Most Merciful
[33.1] O Prophet, fear Allah, and do not obey the unbelievers and the hypocrites. Allah is the Knower, the Wise.
[33.2] Follow what is revealed to you from your Lord, for Allah is Aware of what they do,
[33.3] put your trust in Allah; Allah suffices as a Guardian.
[33.4] Allah has never made any man with two hearts inside him. Nor has He made your wives, when you divorce, saying: ‘Be as my mother’s back,’ your mothers. Neither has He made your fostered sons as your own sons. These are your own sayings, words which you utter with your mouths; but Allah speaks the truth and guides to the Path.
[33.5] Name them after their fathers, that is more just with Allah. If you do not know their fathers, regard them as your brothers in the religion, or those under your sponsorship. There is no fault in you if you make mistakes, but only in what your hearts intended. Allah is Forgiving and the Most Merciful,
[33.6] The Prophet has a greater right on the believers than their own selves, his wives are their mothers. Kinsmen are closer to one another in the Book of Allah than to other believers and the emigrants; although you should act honorably towards those you sponsor, that is written in the Book
[33.7] We took from the Prophets their covenant and from you (Prophet Muhammad), from Noah and Abraham, from Moses and Jesus the son of Mary. We took a solemn covenant from them,
[33.8] so that Allah might question the truthful about their truthfulness. But for the unbelievers He has prepared a painful punishment.
[33.9] Believers, remember the Favor of Allah to you when there came against you hosts (armies). We unleashed against them a wind and hosts (angels) you could not see. Allah sees the things you do.
[33.10] They came on you from above and from below, and when your eyes swerved and your hearts leapt to your throats, and you thought thoughts about Allah;
[33.11] there the believers were tried, they were shaken, a severe quake.
[33.12] The hypocrites and those in whose hearts there is a disease said: ‘Allah and His Messenger promised nothing but delusion.’
[33.13] And when a party of them said: ‘People of Yathrib (Madinah), there is no place for you here, therefore return.’ And a party of them asked leave of the Prophet, saying: ‘Our houses are exposed’ whereas they were not, they only wished to flee.
[33.14] And if an entrance had been forced against them from its quarters, and then they had been asked to incite, they would have done so, and remained in it (the city) but a little (time).
[33.15] Yet before that, they made a covenant with Allah never to turn their backs. And covenants with Allah shall be questioned.
[33.16] Say: ‘Flight will not avail you, if you flee from death or slaughter, you would enjoy (this world) only for a little (time).’
[33.17] Say: ‘Who can defend you from Allah if He desires harm for you, or if He desires mercy for you?’ They shall find for themselves none, other than Allah, to protect or help them.
[33.18] Allah knows those of you who hinder, and those who say to their brothers: ‘Come to us,’ and they do not come to the battle but a little,
[33.19] being mean towards you. When fear comes to them, you see them looking at you, their eyes rolling as though they were on the point of death. But once the fear departs they assail you with their sharp tongues, being greedy to possess good things. Those have never believed; Allah has annulled their deeds. That is easy for Allah.
[33.20] They think the confederates have not departed. Indeed, if the confederates should come again they would sooner be in the desert among the Bedouins asking news of you. If they were among you, they would fight but a little.
[33.21] In the Messenger of Allah you have a fine example for he who hopes for Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah abundantly.
[33.22] When the believers saw the confederates they said: ‘This is what Allah and His Messenger have promised us. Surely, Allah and His Messenger have spoken in truth.’ And this did not increase them except in belief and submission.
[33.23] Among the believers there are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah. Some have fulfilled their vow dying, and others await, unyielding to change,
[33.24] so that Allah will recompense the truthful for their truthfulness and punish the hypocrites if He will, or turn again to them. Surely, Allah is the Forgiver and the Most Merciful.
[33.25] Allah sent back the unbelievers in their rage, and they gained no good. Allah spared the believers from fighting, surely Allah is the Strong, the Mighty.
[33.26] He brought down from their fortresses those who had supported them from among the People of the (Jewish) Book and cast terror into their hearts, so that some you killed and others you took captive.
[33.27] He made you inheritors of their land, their houses, and their possessions, and another land on which you had never set foot before. Truly, Allah is Powerful over everything.
[33.28] O Prophet, say to your wives: ‘If you seek this life and its finery, come, I will release you with a fine release.
[33.29] But if you seek Allah and His Messenger and the Everlasting Residence, know that Allah has prepared for those of you who do good works a mighty wage.’
[33.30] O wives of the Prophet! Whosoever among you commit a flagrant indecency, for her the punishment shall be doubled, that is easy for Allah.
[33.31] But she who obeys Allah and His Messenger and does good works shall be doubly recompensed; for her We have made a generous provision.
[33.32] O wives of the Prophet, you are not like other women. If you fear (Allah), do not be to complaisant in your speech, lest he in whose heart there is a sickness may desire (of his mother); but speak honorable words.
[33.33] Stay in your homes and do not display your finery as pagan women used to do in the olden Days of Ignorance. Establish your prayers, pay the obligatory charity, and obey Allah and His Messenger. O family of the House, Allah only wishes to distance fault from you, and to cleanse you, and to purify you abundantly.
[33.34] And remember that which is recited in your houses of the verses of Allah and the Wisdom. Allah is the Subtle, the Knower.
[33.35] For men and women who have surrendered – believing men and women; obedient men and women; truthful men and women, patient men and women, humble men and women, men and women who give charity, men and women who fast, men and women who guard their privates, men and women who remember Allah in abundance, for them Allah has prepared forgiveness and a mighty wage.
[33.36] It is not for any believer – man or woman – to have the choice in the affair when a matter is decreed by Allah and His Prophet. Whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger strays into clear error.
[33.37] And when you said to he whom Allah had favored and yourself have favored: ‘Keep your wife and fear Allah,’ and you sought to hide in yourself what Allah was to reveal, fearing people; although Allah has a better right for you to fear Him. And when Zayd had accomplished what he would of her (divorce), We gave her to you (Prophet Muhammad) in marriage, so that there is no fault in believers concerning (marriage to) the former spouse of their foster children if they divorced them. The decree of Allah must be done.
[33.38] No fault shall be attached to the Prophet for doing what Allah has obligated for him. Such was the way of Allah with those who passed away before – the decree of Allah is a decree determined –
[33.39] who were delivering the Messages of Allah, fearing Him and fearing none except Allah. Allah suffices as a Reckoner.
[33.40] Muhammad is not the father of any of your men. He is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets. Allah has knowledge of all things.
[33.41] Believers, remember Allah frequently,
[33.42] exalt Him at dawn and in the evening.
[33.43] It is He who has mercy on you, and His angels to bring you out from the darkness into light. He is the Most Merciful to the believers.
[33.44] On the Day they meet Him, their greeting shall be ‘Peace!’ A generous recompense He has prepared for them.
[33.45] O Prophet, We have sent you as a witness, a bearer of glad tidings, and to bear warning;
[33.46] a caller to Allah by His permission and as a light shedding lamp.
[33.47] Give to the believers the glad tidings that with Allah there is for them a great bounty.
[33.48] Do not obey the unbelievers and the hypocrites, pay no attention to their hurt. Put your trust in Allah; Allah suffices as a Guardian.
[33.49] Believers, if you marry believing women and divorce them before the marriage is consummated, you have no period to count against them. Provide for them and release them kindly.
[33.50] O Prophet, We have made lawful to you the wives to whom you have given dowries and those whom your right hand possesses, of whatever spoils of war that Allah has given you; and the daughters of your paternal uncles and paternal aunts, and of your paternal and maternal aunts who migrated with you; and any believing woman who gives herself to the Prophet, if the Prophet wishes to take her in marriage. This is only for you and not any other believer. We know the duties We have imposed on them concerning their wives and those whom their right hand possesses, so that there should be no fault in you. Allah is the Forgiving and Merciful.
[33.51] You may defer any of them (your wives) if you please and invite any of them if you please. If you seek any you have put aside there is no fault in you. So that it is likelier they will be comforted, and not sorrow, and every one of them will be pleased, and all are pleased with what you give them. Allah knows what is in your hearts. Allah is the Knower, the Clement.
[33.52] It shall be unlawful for you to take more wives or to exchange your present wives for other women, though their beauty pleases you, except those whom your right hand possesses. Allah is watchful over everything.
[33.53] Believers, do not enter the houses of the Prophet for a meal without waiting for the proper time, unless you are given permission. But if you are invited, enter, and when you have eaten, disperse, not desiring conversation, for that is hurtful to the Prophet and he would be shy before you; but of the truth Allah is not shy. And when you ask his wives for anything, speak to them from behind a curtain, that is cleaner for your hearts and theirs. You must not hurt the Messenger of Allah, nor shall you ever wed his wives after him, surely, this would be a monstrous thing with Allah.
[33.54] Whether you reveal a thing or conceal it, Allah has knowledge of all things.
[33.55] It shall be no offense for them (to be seen unveiled) by their fathers, their sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, and those whom their right hands possess. And fear Allah, for Allah is witness of everything.
[33.56] Allah and His angels praise and venerate the Prophet. Believers, praise and venerate him and pronounce peace upon him in abundance.
[33.57] Those who (try to) hurt Allah and His Messenger shall be cursed by Allah in this present life and in the Everlasting Life, and He has prepared for them a humbling punishment.
[33.58] Those who hurt believing men and believing women undeservedly, shall bear the guilt of slander and a major sin.
[33.59] O Prophet, tell your wives, your daughters and the believing women to draw their veils close to them, so it is likelier they will be known, and not hurt. Allah is the Forgiver, the Most Merciful.
[33.60] If the hypocrites and those who have a disease in their hearts, and those who make a commotion in the City do not desist, We will surely urge you against them. Then they will be your neighbors for only a little (while),
[33.61] cursed wherever they are found, they will be seized and put to death.
[33.62] Such has been the way of Allah with those who have passed before them, and you shall find no change in the ways of Allah.
[33.63] The people will ask you about the Hour. Say: ‘The knowledge of it is with Allah alone, what makes you to know that the Hour is near?’
[33.64] Allah has cursed the unbelievers and prepared for them a Blaze.
[33.65] Living there for ever, they shall neither find a guardian nor a helper.
[33.66] On that Day when their faces are turned about in the Fire, they shall say: ‘Would that we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger!’
[33.67] And they shall say: ‘Our Lord, We obeyed our masters and our eminent ones, but they misled us from the way.
[33.68] Our Lord, let their punishment be doubled; and curse them with a mighty curse.’
[33.69] Believers, do not be like those who hurt Moses. Allah cleared him of what they said. His face is honorable with Allah.
[33.70] O you who believe, fear Allah and say sound statements,
[33.71] and He will mend your deeds for you and forgive your sins. Whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger shall win a great victory.
[33.72] We offered the trust to the heavens, and the earth, and the mountains, but they refused to bear it, and were afraid of it, and the human carried it. Surely, he is a harmdoer, and ignorant.
[33.73] Allah punishes the hypocrites, men and women alike, and the idolaters, both men and women alike; and Allah turns to the believers, men and women alike. Allah is the Forgiver, the Most Merciful.